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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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151 found records

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Argument

Year

Author(s)

Bibliographical entry (without author)

Abstract

Comments

Rating

URL

2427

This article examines why so many women in the Western world are compelled to take powerful drugs during their labor and exposes the risks epidurals pose to both mother and baby.

2011

Judy Slome Cohain

The Epidural Trip. Why are so many women taking dangerous drugs during labor? Midwifery Today Issue 95, Autumn 2010
epidural

Two million American women will take an epidural trip this year during [...]

easy

http://www.midwifery [...]

2363

2008

Kettle C, Tohill S.

Perineal care. Clin Evid (Online). 2008 Sep 24;2008. pii: 1401.
attendance ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; active management of labor ; epidural ; position during labor ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

easy

http://www.clinicale [...]

2393

2008

N. Rouzic a, d, , M. Faisant a, J.-L. Scheydeker c , M. Collet b , B. Lejeune a

Infections nosocomiales en maternité au centre hospitalier universitaire de Brest du 01/01/2000 au 31/12/2005
Hospital infections in the maternity department at Brest Hospital over a period from 2000 to 2005
Pathologie Biologie
Volume 56, numéro 2
pages 58-65 (mars 2008)

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; epidural

Hospital infections are at stake in terms of public health. They are responsible [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

1995


2006

Zanetti-Dällenbach R, Lapaire O, Maertens A, Holzgreve W, Hösli I.

Water birth, more than a trendy alternative: a prospective, observational study. {Suisse}. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2006;274(6):355-365.
alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; perineal/vaginal tears ; pain ; duration of labour ; episiotomy ; epidural

OBJECTIVE: To prospectively assess the effect of water birth on maternal [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1997
PDF

2006

(Journal compilation)

Why Do Women Go Along with This Stuff? Roundtable discussion, part 2. BIRTH 33:3 September 2006, p. 245-250
birth plan ; c-section/caesarean ; deontology ; epidural ; episiotomy ; ethics ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; induction of labor ; law ; physiology ; position during labor ; post-term pregnancy ; risk of litigation

Normal childbirth has become jeopardized by inexorably rising interventions [...]

easy

http://www.ingentaco [...]

2002

Women in this cohort who had epidurals were less likely to fully breastfeed their infant in the few days after birth and more likely to stop breastfeeding in the first 24 weeks.

2006

Siranda Torvaldsen, Christine L Roberts, Judy M Simpson, Jane F Thompson and David A Ellwood

Intrapartum epidural analgesia and breastfeeding: a prospective cohort study. International Breastfeeding Journal 2006, 1:24
breastfeeding ; epidural

Background

Anecdotal reports suggest that the addition of fentanyl [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

1180

2005

Mehl-Madrona, Lewis & Morgaine

Medical Risks of Epidural Anesthesia During Childbirth. Website.
epidural

For the most part, epidural analgesia does effectively relieve labor pain. [...]

easy

http://www.healing-a [...]

1332

Facteurs de risque de l'incontinence urinaire, l'incontinence avant, puis la constipation chronique et
l'épisiotomie.

2005

Ewings P, Spencer S, Marsh H, O'sullivan M.

Obstetric risk factors for urinary incontinence and preventative pelvic floor exercises: Cohort study and nested randomized controlled trial.{Angleterre}.
J Obstet Gynaecol. 2005 Aug;25(6):558-64.

episiotomy ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

We conducted a cohort study assessing risk factors for developing urinary [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1343
PDF

Since the 1998 perinatal reform, pregnancies and births have to be handled as a function of the estimated level of risk for the pregnant woman and fetus.

2005

Danièle Carricaburu

De la gestion technique du risque à celle du travail : l’accouchement en hôpital public. (From the technical management of risk to the technical management of work: Childbirth in public hospitals.) Sociologie du travail 47 (2005) 245–262

active management of labor ; induction of labor ; epidural ; c-section/caesarean ; duration of labour ; post-term pregnancy

Since the 1998 perinatal reform, pregnancies and births have to be handled [...]

easy

http://france.elsevi [...]

1899


2005

Sachs BP.

A 38-year-old woman with fetal loss and hysterectomy. {USA}.
JAMA. 2005 Aug 17;294(7):833-40.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; fetal distress ; eclampsia (pre-) ; forceps delivery ; misoprostol (Cytotec) ; stillbirth ; epidural ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

428

2004

Cluett ER, Pickering RM, Getliffe K, St George Saunders NJ.

Randomised controlled trial of labouring in water compared with standard of augmentation for management of dystocia in first stage of labour.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:314.

alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; pain ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; hormones ; active management of labor ; morbidity ; amniotomy ; duration of labour

OBJECTIVES : To evaluate the impact of labouring in water during first [...]

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

459

2004

Howell EA, Concato J.

Obstetric patient satisfaction: Asking patients what they like.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;190(1):175-82.

attendance ; breastfeeding ; pain medication ; epidural ; newborn care ; pain

OBJECTIVE : This study was undertaken to determine pertinent attributes [...]

easy

http://www.sciencedi [...]

543

2004

Kariminia A, Chamberlain ME, Keogh J, Shea A.

Randomised controlled trial of effect of hands and knees posturing on incidence of occiput posterior position at birth.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:490.

c-section/caesarean ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of hands and knees position and pelvic [...]

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

617

2004

Zaidi J, Zaidi F.

Labouring in water. Method is unclear. Letter.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:767.

active management of labor ; alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; duration of labour ; dystocy ; epidural ; instrumental delivery

Commentary of the paper by Cluett et al. (428)

The method of [...]

Texte en accès libre / Open-access paper / Texto acesso aberto

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

618

2004

Bradshaw H.

Labouring in water. Findings do not fully support conclusions. Letter.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:768.

alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; active management of labor ; duration of labour

Commentary of the paper by Cluett et al. (428)

The study by [...]

Texte en accès libre.

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

619

2004

Cluett ER, Getliffe K, Pickering RM, St George Saunders NJ.

Labouring in water. Authors' reply. Letter.
dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; active management of labor ; duration of labour

Answers to commentaries on the paper by Cluett et al. (428)

Texte en accès libre.

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

681

2004

Mead M, Kornbrot D.

An intrapartum intervention scoring system for the comparison of maternity units' intrapartum care of nulliparous women suitable for midwifery-led care.
Midwifery 2004;20(1):15-26.

homebirth ; c-section/caesarean ; monitoring ; epidural ; breech presentation ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; place of birth

Objective:

to develop an intrapartum intervention scoring tool [...]

Texte en accès libre.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

791

Grande disparité des taux de péridurale, déclenchement, épisiotomie, déchirures, forceps, entre deux maternités françaises.

2004

Le Ray C, Gaudu S, Teboul M, Cabrol D, Goffinet F.

Prise en charge du travail et de l'accouchement chez la nullipare à bas risque : comparaison d'une maternité de type 1 et d'une maternité de type 3
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod 2004 Feb;33:30-6.

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; epidural ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVES: To compare obstetrical practices between level 1 ( community [...]

hard

http://www.e2med.com [...]

827
PDF

2004

Stadlmayr W, Schneider H, Amsler F, Bürgin D, Bitzer J.

How do obstetric variables influence the dimensions of the birth experience as assessed by Salmon’s item list (SIL-Ger)?
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2004;115(1):43-50.

instrumental delivery ; epidural ; psychology

Objective: To analyse the effect of obstetric variables on four dimensions [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

828

2004

Russell IF.

A comparison of cold, pinprick and touch for assessing the level of spinal block at caesarean section.
International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2004;13(3):146-152.

epidural

The sensory block levels of 102 women undergoing caesarean section under [...]

Texte en accès libre.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

841

Eviter l'expression abdominale traumatisante et dangereuse.

2004

Bicheron F.

Communiqué du conseil national de l'ordre des Sages-Femmes. PRATIQUE DE LA VENTOUSE.
Publication électronique.(http://www.ordre-sages-femmes.fr/)

fundal pressure ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

Le Conseil national de l’Ordre des sages-femmes a demandé l’inscription [...]

easy

http://www.ordre-sag [...]

845

La péridurale faiblement dosée en bipuvacaïne n'augmente pas le risque de césarienne, augmente le risque d'extraction iinstrumentale, rallonge la durée du 2sd stade.

2004

Liu EHC, Sia ATH.

Rates of caesarean section and instrumental vaginal delivery in nulliparous women after low concentration epidural infusions or opioid analgesia: systematic review.
British Medical Journal 2004;328:1410.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; pain medication ; epidural ; pain

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of low concentration epidural infusions [...]

Article en accès libre

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

848
PDF

Pour les femmes sous péridurale, on compare la position couchée latérale (droite ou gauche, au choix) à la position assise avec soutien pendant la période passive de la seconde phase du travail (soit, d'après le protocole, une période d'une heure à partir de la dilatation complète pendant laquelle on ne demande pas à la femme de pousser). La position latérale permettrait moins d'extractions instrumentales que la position assise avec soutien.

2004

Downe S, Gerrett D, Renfrew MJ.

A prospective randomised trial on the effect of position in the passive second stage of labour on birth outcome in nulliparous women using epidural analgesia.
Midwifery 2004;20(2):157-168.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor ; scars

Objective:

To determine whether the rate of instrumental birth [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

910

2004

Institut des Mamans

Pratiques obstétricales et frustrations des mamans : quelle réalité ?
fundal pressure ; episiotomy ; epidural

Enquête menée à la demande de l’association Naissance et Citoyenneté [...]

easy

http://www.institutd [...]

1009

2004

Morrisson S.

NEWS. Canada achieves lowest perinatal mortality ever.
Canadian Medical Association Journal 2004; 171 (9).

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; perinatal death rates ; epidural

The increasing medicalization of childbirth in Canada isn’t surprising [...]

easy

http://www.cmaj.ca/c [...]

1024

2004

Horowitz ER, Yogev Y, Ben-Haroush A, Kaplan B.

Women’s attitude toward analgesia during labor—a comparison between 1995 and 2001.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2004;117(1):30-32.

pain medication ; epidural ; maternal age ; pain

Objective: To compare the attitude of gravid women towards analgesia during [...]

La méthodologie et les résultats ne supportent pas les conclusions. Une différence
de moins de [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

1086

This article assesses the validity of various strongly advocated opinions as to whether parturients benefit from ambulation in labor and also reviews the current trends in ambulatory labor analgesia.

2004

Kuczkowski KM

Ambulatory labor analgesia: what does an obstetrician need to know?
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 83(5):415-424.

epidural ; physiology ; position during labor

A simple statement that describes the degree of the patient’s satisfaction [...]

Conclusions de l’article:

Ambulatory labor analgesia has become a popular choice of labor [...]

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

1087

This study compared the duration of labor and pain relief between parturients receiving epidural analgesia who were ambulated or were recumbent. Whereas walking had no impact on either duration of labor or pain relief, it was associated with a reduction in both bupivacaine and oxytocin requirements.

2004

Frenea S, Chirossel C, Rodriguez R, Baguet JP, Racinet C, Payen JF

The effects of prolonged ambulation on labor with epidural analgesia.
Anesthesia and Analgesia 98(1):224-229.

oxytocin ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor

Ambulation during labor is becoming more popular, although its impact on [...]

Texte complet en accès libre. Abstract : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Ret [...]

hard

http://www.anesthesi [...]

1120

Pour des femmes sous péridurale, la mobilité pendant la première phase du travail n'a d'effet ni sur le mode d'accouchement (extraction instrumentale ou césarienne), ni sur la durée du travail, ni sur l'utilisation d'oxytocines, ni sur la douleur, ni sur l'apgar, mais ne semble pas présenter d'effets délétères.

2004

Roberts CL, Algert CS, Olive E.

Impact of first-stage ambulation on mode of delivery among women with epidural analgesia.
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Dec;44(6):489-94.

c-section/caesarean ; duration of labour ; instrumental delivery ; active management of labor ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor

BACKGROUND: New techniques for administering epidural analgesia allow increased [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1286

La péridurale diminuerait le risque de dépression postnatale dans les jours suivants l'accouchement, mais pas à long terme.

2004

Hiltunen P, Raudaskoski T, Ebeling H, Moilanen I.

Does pain relief during delivery decrease the risk of postnatal depression?
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2004 Mar;83(3):257-61.

c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; pain medication ; epidural ; psychology ; vaginal birth after caesarean ; pain

BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that sufficient pain relief during delivery [...]

Un ramassis d’incoherences ... La mesure "temps passe en salle d’accouchement" n’a aucun sens en [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

86

2003

Evans PR, Evans U.

Poor outcome following epidural abscess complicating epidural analgesia for labour.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2003;109:102-105.

epidural

Abscess is a rare complication of epidural analgesia that may occur post-partum. [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

87

2003

Aubard Y, Fourgeaud V, Collet D, Grandchamp P, Vincelot A.

Forceps delivery and the use of synthetic opioid analgesia during epidural anaesthesia.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2003;106:130-133.

forceps delivery ; epidural ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the use of sufentanil during obstetric epidural [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

166

2003

Heinze SD, Sleigh MJ.

Epidural or no epidural anaesthesia: relationships between beliefs about childbirth and pain control choices.
Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology 2003;21(4):323-33.

depression, anxiety ; epidural ; psychology

The purpose of this study was to look at the differences between women [...]

hard

http://taylorandfran [...]

221

2003

Tortosa JC, Parry NS, Mercier FJ, Mazoit JX, Benhamou D.

Efficacy of augmentation of epidural analgesia for Caesarean section.
British Journal of Anaesthesia 2003 Oct;91(4):532-5.

c-section/caesarean ; pain medication ; epidural ; pain

BACKGROUND: Extension of a labour epidural for Caesarean delivery is thought [...]

hard

http://bja.oupjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/91/4/532

222

2003

Eriksson SL, Blomberg I, Olofsson C.

Single-shot intrathecal sufentanil with bupivacaine in late labour--analgesic quality and obstetric outcome.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2003 Oct 10;110(2):131-5.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the analgesic effect and obstetric outcome after [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

223

2003

Eriksson LS, Gentele C, Olofsson CH.

PCEA compared to continuous epidural infusion in an ultra-low-dose regimen for labor pain relief: a randomized study.
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2003 Oct;47(9):1085-90.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

BACKGROUND: Patient-controlled epidural analgesia, PCEA, has been introduced [...]

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

225

2003

DeBalli P, Breen TW.

Intrathecal opioids for combined spinal-epidural analgesia during labour.
CNS Drugs. 2003;17(12):889-904.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

In <25 years, intrathecal administration of opioids (i.e. spinal analgesia) [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

226

2003

Mattingly JE, D'Alessio J, Ramanathan J.

Effects of obstetric analgesics and anesthetics on the neonate : a review.
Paediatr Drugs. 2003;5(9):615-27.

pain medication ; epidural ; maternal age ; pain

Most anesthetic and analgesic agents in current use traverse the placental [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

227

2003

Camorcia M, Capogna G.

Epidural levobupivacaine, ropivacaine and bupivacaine in combination with sufentanil in early labour: a randomized trial.
Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2003 Aug;20(8):636-9.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, delay and duration [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

228

2003

Hill JB, Alexander JM, Sharma SK, McIntire DD, Leveno KJ.

A comparison of the effects of epidural and meperidine analgesia during labor on fetal heart rate.
Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2003 Aug;102(2):333-7.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of initiation of epidural analgesia [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

231

2003

Rane K, Sollevi A, Segerdahl M.

A randomised double-blind evaluation of adenosine as adjunct to sufentanil in spinal labour analgesia.
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2003 May;47(5):601-3.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

BACKGROUND: Intrathecal injection of sufentanil offers labour pain relief [...]

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

232

2003

Panni M, Segal S.

New local anesthetics. Are they worth the cost?
Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2003 Mar;21(1):19-38.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

Epidural analgesia that uses dilute concentrations of bupivacaine with [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

233

2003

Cohen S, Fernandez N, Groysman R, Soremekun O.

Loss of consciousness from epidural sufentanil for labour analgesia.
Anaesthesia. 2003 May;58(5):487-8.

epidural ; traumatism ; psychology

easy

http://www.blackwell [...]

234

2003

Gadalla F, Lee SH, Choi KC, Fong J, Gomillion MC, Leighton BL.

Injecting saline through the epidural needle decreases the iv epidural catheter placement rate during combined spinal-epidural labour analgesia.
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 2003 Apr;50(4):382-5.

epidural

PURPOSE: To determine if injecting 10 mL saline before epidural catheter [...]

hard

http://www.cja-jca.o [...]

235

2003

Capogna G, Camorcia M, Columb MO.

Minimum analgesic doses of fentanyl and sufentanil for epidural analgesia in the first stage of labor.
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2003 Apr;96(4):1178-82

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

In this study, we sought to determine the minimum analgesic doses and relative [...]

hard

http://www.anesthesi [...]

236

2003

Boselli E, Debon R, Duflo F, Bryssine B, Allaouchiche B, Chassard D.

Ropivacaine 0.15% plus sufentanil 0.5 microg/mL and ropivacaine 0.10% plus sufentanil 0.5 microg/mL are equivalent for patient-controlled epidural analgesia during labor.
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2003 Apr;96(4):1173-7.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

We compared the administration of 0.15% ropivacaine plus 0.5 microg/mL [...]

hard

http://www.anesthesi [...]

237

2003

Roelants F, Rizzo M, Lavand'homme P.

The effect of epidural neostigmine combined with ropivacaine and sufentanil on neuraxial analgesia during labor.
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2003 Apr;96(4):1161-6.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

Spinal neostigmine produces analgesia without respiratory depression or [...]

hard

http://www.anesthesi [...]

238

Etude randomisée contrôlée, sur des femmes en travail spontané ou déclenché. Le fait de marcher sous péridurale ambulatoire a pour seul effet une réduction notable du temps du travail.

2003

Karraz MA.

Ambulatory epidural anesthesia and the duration of labor.
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2003 Feb;80(2):117-22.

pain medication ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology ; pain

OBJECTIVES: Ambulatory epidural analgesia has become a common option for [...]

Mais les conditions si artificielles n’ont guère du laisser de spontanéité aux femmes. Le mélange [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

289

Combien de temps attendre avant de déclencher après une rupture spontanée des membranes, sur un col favorable?

2003

Crane JM, Young DC.

Induction of labour with a favourable cervix and/or pre-labour rupture of membranes.
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2003 Oct;17(5):795-809.

induction of labor ; exams during labor ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; misoprostol (Cytotec) ; monitoring ; oxytocin ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; maternal age ; post-term pregnancy

Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) occurs in 8% of term deliveries. [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

292

2003

Bohra U, Donnelly J, O'Connell MP, Geary MP, MacQuillan K, Keane DP.

Active management of labour revisited: the first 1000 primiparous labours in 2000.
J Obstet Gynaecol. 2003 Mar;23(2):118-20.

c-section/caesarean ; exams during labor ; instrumental delivery ; monitoring ; oxytocin ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; hormones ; active management of labor ; amniotomy ; duration of labour

This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary referral obstetric [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

293

Les interventions ayant une influence sur la durée du travail s'influencent mutuellement. On ne peut donc pas les étudier comme des variables séparées.

2003

Gross MM, Antes G.

[Scientific evidence on labor duration from systematic reviews] [Article in German]
Zeitschrift für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie. 2003 Jan-Feb;207(1):17-23.

attendance ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; IV ; epidural ; position during labor ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; amniotomy ; active management of labor

OBJECTIVE: We examined the evidence of systematic reviews in the Cochrane [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

399

2003

Ponkey SE, Cohen AP, Heffner LJ, Lieberman E.

Persistent fetal occiput posterior position: obstetric outcomes.
Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;101(5):915-920.

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; infections ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE : To evaluate the obstetric outcomes associated with persistent [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

692

On réalise aujourd’hui que des microdéchirures pourraient être préférables à l’épisiotomie. (France)

2003

Balland K.

Episiotomie et péridurale : attention aux dogmes.
Le nouvel Observateur, supplément Paris-Ile-de-France.

episiotomy ; epidural

L’obstétrique est une science relative. N’attendez pas le dernier [...]

easy

http://obsdeparis.no [...]

794

La meilleure recommandation est de laisser les femmes accoucher dans la position qu'elles souhaitent.

2003

Bodner-Adler B, Bodner K, Kimberger O, Lozanov P, Husslein P, Mayerhofer K.

Women's position during labour: influence on maternal and neonatal outcome.
Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2003 Oct 31;115(19-20):720-3.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; maternal age

AIM: To assess the maternal, perineal and neonatal outcomes of an upright [...]

hard

795

Plus de déchirures sévères lorsque l'accouchement est en dépassement de terme, déclenché avec macrosomie foetale, utilisation de la péridurale, extraction instrumentale (notamment forceps), ou simplement conduit par un obstétricien.

2003

Gupta N, Kiran TU, Mulik V, Bethel J, Bhal K.

The incidence, risk factors and obstetric outcome in primigravid women sustaining anal sphincter tears.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003 Aug;82(8):736-43.

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: The incidence of anal sphincter tears is highest among nulliparous [...]

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

809

2003

Bodner-Adler B, Bodner K, Kimberger O, Wagenbichler P, Kaider A, Husslein P, Mayerhofer K.

The effect of epidural analgesia on obstetric lacerations and neonatal outcome during spontaneous vaginal delivery.
Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2003 Jan;267(3):130-3.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; maternal age

The aim of this study was to determine if epidural analgesia is associated [...]

Article en accès libre.

hard

http://www.springerl [...]

842

L'expression abdominale est utilisée en France pour 50% des accouchements, d'après une enquête de l'institut des mamans.

2003

Institut des mamans

Pratique obstétricales et frustrations des mamans: quelle réalité. Enquête.
Publication électronique http://www.institutdesmamans.com/Online/

attendance ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; exams during labor ; fundal pressure ; epidural ; physiology ; survey ; post-term pregnancy

easy

http://www.institutd [...]

1100

Les primipares sous péridurale ambulatoire peuvent maintenir une position verticale jusqu'à la naissance, à condition d'être soutenues physiquement et émotionnellement en permanence.

2003

Mayberry LJ, Strange LB, Suplee PD, Gennaro S.

Use of upright positioning with epidural analgesia: findings from an observational study.
MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2003 May-Jun;28(3):152-9.

attendance ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology

PURPOSE: To present research findings and related nursing implications [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1936


2003

Hofmeyr GJ, Gulmezoglu AM.

Vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Méta-analyse. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(1):CD000941.
vaginal birth after caesarean ; induction of labor ; fetal distress ; duration of labour ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; misoprostol (Cytotec) ; oxytocin ; epidural ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: Misoprostol (Cytotec, Searle) is a prostaglandin E1 analogue [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

89

Disparité des pratiques

2002

Alran S, Sibony O, Oury JF, Luton D, Blot P.

Differences in management and results in term-delivery in nine European referral hospitals: descriptive study.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2002;103:4-13.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; breech presentation ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; maternal age ; post-term pregnancy

OBJECTIVE: To compose obstetric interventions around Europe.

STUDY [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

113

2002

J. Söderquist, K. Wijma and B. Wijma.

Traumatic stress after childbirth: the role of obstetric variables.
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology 2002;23:31-9.


c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; pain medication ; epidural ; traumatism ; psychology ; vaginal birth after caesarean ; pain

In a sample of 1550 recently delivered women, traumatic stress after childbirth [...]

Acces au resume, texte par sur le net.

hard

http://jpog.ispog.or [...]

241

2002

Rolfseng OK, Skogvoll E, Borchgrevink PC.

Epidural bupivacaine with sufentanil or fentanyl during labour: a randomized, double-blind study.
European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2002 Nov;19(11):812-8.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Epidural analgesia with bupivacaine plus either [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

243

2002

Loughnan BA, Carli F, Romney M, Dore CJ, Gordon H.

Epidural analgesia and backache: a randomized controlled comparison with intramuscular meperidine for analgesia during labour.
British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2002 Sep;89(3):466-72.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

BACKGROUND: Concern has been expressed that epidural analgesia for labour [...]

hard

http://bja.oupjourna [...]

244

2002

Wiklund I, Matthiesen AS, Klang B, Ransjo-Arvidson AB.

A comparative study in Stockholm, Sweden of labour outcome and women's perceptions of being referred in labour.
Midwifery. 2002 Sep;18(3):193-9.

depression, anxiety ; episiotomy ; place of birth ; pain medication ; epidural ; traumatism ; psychology ; pain

OBJECTIVE: to study the outcome of labour and women’s perceptions of [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

245

2002

Clement HJ, Caruso L, Lopez F, Broisin F, Blanc-Jouvan M, Derre-Brunet E, Thomasson A, Leboucher G, Viale JP.

Epidural analgesia with 0.15% ropivacaine plus sufentanil 0.5 microgram ml-1 versus 0.10% bupivacaine plus sufentanil 0.5 microgram ml-1: a double-blind comparison during labour.
British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2002 Jun;88(6):809-13.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

BACKGROUND: Ropivacaine has been claimed to produce less motor block than [...]

hard

http://bja.oupjourna [...]

475
PDF

De plus en plus d'interventions de routine sont pratiquées sans preuve de leur efficacité, sous la pression du secteur privé, du médico-légal, sans consentement éclairé. Des taux plus élevés d'accouchement normaux seraient obtenus simplement en changeant les croyances et en implémentant la pratique de la médecine factuelle.

2002

Johanson R, Newburn M, Macfarlane A.

Has the medicalisation of childbirth gone too far? The British Medical Journal 2002;324:892-895.
attendance ; c-section/caesarean ; deontology ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; midwifery training ; active management of labor ; history, sociology ; hormones ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; monitoring ; perinatal death rates ; oxytocin ; IV ; epidural ; position during labor ; psychology ; physiology ; duration of labour ; ethics

Summary points

- Obstetricians play an important role in preserving [...]

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

1049

There was no increased maternal or neonatal risk associated with planned home
birth under the care of a regulated midwife

2002

Janssen, P.A., Lee, S.K., Ryan, E.M., Etches, D.J., Farquharson, D.F., Peacock, D., Klein, M.C.

Outcomes of planned home births versus planned hospital births after regulation of midwifery in British Columbia. CMAJ. 2002 February 5; 166(3): 315–323.
attendance ; homebirth ; maternal age ; c-section/caesarean ; place of birth ; perinatal death rates ; epidural

Background
The choice to give birth at home with a regulated midwife [...]

Traduction Paula M, relu E.Phan

hard

http://www.pubmedcen [...]

1124
PDF

Revue des facteurs obstétriques optimaux pendant le second stade, en particulier les positions de la femme et le réflexe de poussée. Réflexion sur ces facteurs en cas de péridurale.

2002

Roberts JE.

The "push" for evidence: management of the second stage.
J Midwifery Womens Health. 2002 Jan-Feb;47(1):2-15.

perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology

Recognition that the available evidence does not support arbitrary time [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1220

Les femmes sous péridurale ambulatoire en profitent effectivement pour bouger et ont une seconde phase du travail plus courte.

2002

Golara M, Plaat F, Shennan AH.

Upright versus recumbent position in the second stage of labour in women with combined spinal-epidural analgesia.
Int J Obstet Anesth. 2002 Jan;11(1):19-22.

evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology

Neuraxial blockade is widely used for pain relief in labour. This form [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

92

2001

Capogna G.

Effect of epidural analgesia on the fetal heart rate. Eur J Obstet Gynaecol Reprod Biol 2001;98:160-164. Review.

epidural ; morbidity

Fetal heart rate (FHR) changes occasionally follow the use of labor epidurals. [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

247

2001

Gerbelli, C.

La péridurale. Mémoire présenté au Baccalauréat en pratique sage-femme, Université du Québec à Trois Rivières.
epidural ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery

Actuellement au Québec la péridurale ne fait pas partie des prérogatives [...]

easy

http://www.fraternet [...]

300

2001

Sadler LC, Davison T, McCowan LM.

Maternal satisfaction with active management of labor: a randomized controlled trial.
Birth. 2001 Dec;28(4):225-35.

exams during labor ; postpartum hemorrhage ; pain medication ; oxytocin ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; hormones ; active management of labor ; amniotomy ; duration of labour ; pain

BACKGROUND: Active management of labor reduces the length of labor and [...]

Valeur methodologique plus que discutable puisque les conditions du traitement
actif etaient strictement [...]

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

307

2001

Aveline C, Bonnet F.

Influence de l'anesthésie péridurale sur la durée et les modalités de l'accouchement. [Effects of epidural anesthesia on labor and delivery]. Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation. 2001 May;20(5):471-84.


c-section/caesarean ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; oxytocin ; epidural ; position during labor ; rupture of membranes ; hormones ; active management of labor ; physiology ; amniotomy ; duration of labour ; pain

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of epidural analgesia (EA) on the duration [...]

easy

http://www.sciencedi [...]

972

2001

PEEK-Michael-John; NELSON-PIERCY-C, ed

Drugs for obstetric conditions. Drugs in Pregnancy. Bailliere's-best-practice-and-research-Clinical-obstetrics-and-gynaecology. 2001; 15 (6) : 999-1011
postpartum hemorrhage ; pain medication ; oxytocin ; IV ; epidural ; active management of labor ; morbidity ; duration of labour ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy ; pain

For many reasons, including the fear of fetal anomaly, the recognition [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1000

Etude, chez les génisses, de l’effet sur le lien mère-enfant (1) de l’analgésie péridurale et (2) de l’injection d'estradiol [visant à stimuler la production endogène d'ocytocine], d’une stimulation génitale et autres stimuli

2001

Williams GL, Gazal OS, Leshin LS, Stanko RL, Anderson LL

Physiological regulation of maternal behavior in heifers: Roles of genital stimulation, intracerebral oxytocin release, and ovarian steroids. BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION 65 (1), p. 295-300 JUL
hormones ; epidural ; oxytocin ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy

We tested the hypotheses that 1) epidural anesthesia at parturition would [...]

hard

1003

L’utilisation intensive de l’analgésie péridurale est le marqueur d’une pratique caractérisée par des mauvaises présentations qui induisent un travail dysfonctionnel et un taux plus élevé d’interventions, ce qui conduit à trop de morbidité maternelle et infantile.

2001

Klein MC, Grzybowski S, Harris S, Liston R, Spence A, Le G, Brummendorf D, Kim S, Kaczorowski J

Epidural analgesia use as a marker for physician approach to birth: Implications for maternal and newborn outcomes. BIRTH-ISSUES IN PERINATAL CARE, 28 (4), p.243-248 DEC
hormones ; epidural ; dystocy ; morbidity ; maternal age

Background: Understanding the association between caregiver belief systems [...]

hard

1050

Epidural analgesia increases the rates of episiotomy use, and decreases the rate of episiotomy extension.

2001

Newman, M. G., Lindsay, M. K., Graves, W.

The effect of epidural analgesia on rates of episiotomy use and episiotomy extension in an inner-city hospital. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 10(2), April 2001, 97 - 101.
episiotomy ; epidural

Objective: To determine the relationship between epidural analgesia and [...]

hard

http://taylorandfran [...]

1089

Ambulatory epidural analgesia with walking or sitting does not shorten labor duration from the time of epidural insertion to complete cervical dilatation.

2001

Vallejo MC, Firestone LL, Mandell GL, Jaime F, Makishima S, Ramanathan S

Effect of epidural analgesia with ambulation on labor duration
ANESTHESIOLOGY 95 (4): 857-861 OCT 2001

epidural ; position during labor ; physiology

Background: Ambulatory epidural analgesia (AEA) is a popular choice for [...]

hard

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve& [...]

4

2000

Didierjean-Jouveau, Claude

Pour une naissance a visage humain. Paris: Jouvence
induction of labor ; ultrasound scanning ; episiotomy ; exams during labor ; forceps delivery ; infections ; monitoring ; epidural ; newborn care ; c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; dystocy ; breastfeeding ; breech presentation ; place of birth ; traumatism ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; psychology ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; homebirth

Il y a deux facons d’envisager la naissance: l’une, qui voit dans la [...]

easy

http://www.amazon.fr [...]

72

Le principal facteur de décision concernant la pratique de l’épisiomie est l’identité du praticien.

2000

Robinson JN, Norwitz ER, Cohen AP, Lieberman E.

Predictors of episiotomy use at first spontaneous vaginal delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Aug;96(2):214-8.

episiotomy ; epidural

OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with the use of episiotomy at [...]

Acces libre au resume, txte payant.
La conclusion vaut son pesant de cacahuetes ...

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

239

2000

Murray Enkin, Marc J.N.C. Keirse, James Neilson, Caroline Crowther, Lelia Duley, Ellen Hodnett and Justus Hofmeyr.

A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth.
Oxford University Press, 2000.

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy ; fetal distress ; gestational diabetes ; dystocy ; ultrasound scanning ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; monitoring ; diet/nutrition ; oxytocin ; IV ; epidural ; position during labor ; premature baby ; rupture of membranes ; newborn care ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; physiology ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; pain

A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth is an overview of [...]

Entierement disponible sur le web !!! (anglais)

easy

http://www.maternity [...]

407

Avec une gestion moins invasive de l’accouchement, dans un hôpital allemand, en 6 ans le taux d’épisiotomies a diminué de plus 80% à moins de 15%.

2000

Eberhard J, Geissbuhler V.

Influence of alternative birth methods on traditional birth management.
Fetal Diagn Ther. 2000 Sep-Oct; 15(5): 283-90.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; oxytocin ; epidural ; position during labor ; rupture of membranes ; alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; physiology ; hormones ; active management of labor ; amniotomy ; duration of labour ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: Because of popular demand for more natural childbirth, a new [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

511

2000

CNGOF (Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens de France)

Césarienne: conséquences et indications. Recommandations pour la pratique clinique.
Publication internet courte sur le site du CNGOF. (Version longue dans J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod, 2000; 29 (suppl. n°2): 9-108).

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; gestational diabetes ; dystocy ; multiple pregnancy ; pain medication ; pelvimetry ; epidural ; breech presentation ; pain

L’accouchement par voie basse est associé à une mortalité et à une [...]

easy

http://www.cngof.ass [...]

800
PDF

2000

Samuelsson E, Ladfors L, Wennerholm UB, Gareberg B, Nyberg K, Hagberg H.

Anal sphincter tears: prospective study of obstetric risk factors.
BJOG. 2000 Jul;107(7):926-31.

perineal/vaginal tears ; duration of labour ; episiotomy ; active management of labor ; hormones ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intrapartum risk factors for anal sphincter tear.

E.Phan: l’abstract me semble contenir des donnée non claires ou contradictoires. Il faudrait relire [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

907

2000

Murray Enkin, Marc J.N.C. Keirse, James Neilson, Caroline Crowther, Lelia Duley, Ellen Hodnett and Justus Hofmeyr.

The second stage of labor. Chapter 32, A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth.
Oxford University Press, 2000.

oxytocin ; IV ; epidural ; position during labor ; episiotomy ; perineal/vaginal tears ; hormones ; active management of labor ; physiology ; duration of labour

Diagnosis of the onset of the second stage of labor
Pushing during [...]

Entierement disponible sur le web !!! (anglais)

easy

http://www.maternity [...]

953

2000

Eggebo TM, Gjessing LK.

[Hemorrhage after vaginal delivery].
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2000 Oct 10;120(24):2860-3.

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; multiple pregnancy ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; physiology ; hormones ; morbidity ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: Primary postpartum haemorrhage, defined as blood loss of more [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

140

1999

Scott KD, Berkowitz G, Klaus M.

A comparison of intermittent and continuous support during labor: a meta-analysis.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 May;180(5):1054-9.

c-section/caesarean ; forceps delivery ; pain medication ; epidural ; traumatism ; psychology ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; instrumental delivery ; pain

Our goal was to contrast the influence of intermittent and continuous support [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www2.us.elsev [...]

327

1999

Lieberman E, Cohen A, Lang J, Frigoletto F, Goetzl L.

Maternal intrapartum temperature elevation as a risk factor for cesarean delivery and assisted vaginal delivery.
Am J Public Health. 1999 Apr;89(4):506-10.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association of intrapartum temperature [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

328

1999

Robinson JN, Norwitz ER, Cohen AP, McElrath TF, Lieberman ES.

Epidural analgesia and third- or fourth-degree lacerations in nulliparas.
Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Aug;94(2):259-62.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE: To determine if epidural analgesia is associated with differences [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

329

1999

Lieberman E.

No free lunch on labor day. The risks and benefits of epidural analgesia during labor.
J Nurse Midwifery. 1999 Jul-Aug;44(4):394-8.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

Epidural analgesia provides effective pain relief for women during labor. [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

330

Les taux de ruptures utérines dans des tentatives d’accouchement vaginal après une ou deux césariennes sont de 0.8 et 3.7% respectivement. (Période d’observation: 1984-1996)

1999

Caughey AB, Shipp TD, Repke JT, Zelop CM, Cohen A, Lieberman E.

Rate of uterine rupture during a trial of labor in women with one or two prior cesarean deliveries.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Oct;181(4):872-6.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; physiology ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; maternal age ; post-term pregnancy

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether there is a difference in the [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

331

Le taux de ruptures utérines est multiplié par 4 à 6 en cas de déclenchement avec accélération du travail, dans une tentative d’accouchement vaginal après une césarienne.

1999

Zelop CM, Shipp TD, Repke JT, Cohen A, Caughey AB, Lieberman E.

Uterine rupture during induced or augmented labor in gravid women with one prior cesarean delivery.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Oct;181(4):882-6.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; physiology ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; maternal age ; post-term pregnancy

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine the risk of uterine rupture during [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

333

1999

Goldberg AB, Cohen A, Lieberman E.

Nulliparas' preferences for epidural analgesia: their effects on actual use in labor.
Birth. 1999 Sep;26(3):139-43.

epidural

BACKGROUND: Few studies have directly examined the reasons for choices [...]

easy

http://www.blackwell [...]

334

1999

Lieberman E, Lang JM, Frigoletto F, Cohen A.

Epidurals and Cesareans: The Jury Is Still Out
Birth. 1999 Sep;26(3):196-8.

c-section/caesarean ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

558

Qui est interventionniste?

1999

Page L, McCourt C, Beake S, Vail A, Hewison J.

Clinical interventions and outcomes of One-to-One midwifery practice.
J Public Health Med. 1999 Sep;21(3):243-8.

attendance ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; morbidity

BACKGROUND: Changing Childbirth became policy for the maternity services [...]

Texte en acces libre.

easy

http://jpubhealth.ou [...]

559

1999

Varma A, Gunn J, Lindow SW, Duthie GS.

Do routinely measured delivery variables predict anal sphincter outcome?
Dis Colon Rectum. 1999 Oct;42(10):1261-4.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; instrumental delivery

PURPOSE: Trauma to the anal sphincter is a recognized complication of primiparous [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

566

Régression de la pratique de l’épisiotomie en Suède

1999

Rockner G, Fianu-Jonasson A.

Changed pattern in the use of episiotomy in Sweden.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1999 Feb;106(2):95-101.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To study changes in the use of episiotomy since 1989, controlling [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1287

Moind de péridurale et un meilleur vécu de l'accouchement avec une doula, mais même taux d'accouchements opératoires.

1999

Gordon NP, Walton D, McAdam E, Derman J, Gallitero G, Garrett L.

Effects of providing hospital-based doulas in health maintenance organization hospitals.
Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Mar;93(3):422-6.

attendance ; breastfeeding ; c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; pain ; instrumental delivery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; psychology ; doula ; birth attendant

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether providing doulas during hospital-based labor [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1947
PDF


Many women want a quick and painless labor, and do not object to the interventions that help achieve
this.

1999

Lawrence Impey

Maternal Attitudes to Amniotomy and Labor Duration: A Survey in Early Pregnancy. BIRTH 26:4 December 1999: 211-214.
amniotomy ; active management of labor ; epidural ; survey

Background: Although maternal choice increasingly influences intrapartum [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?

325

1998

Fogel ST, Shyken JM, Leighton BL, Mormol JS, Smeltzer JS.

Epidural labor analgesia and the incidence of cesarean delivery for dystocia.
Anesth Analg. 1998 Jul;87(1):119-23.

c-section/caesarean ; dystocy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

We performed this retrospective study to examine the changes in cesarean [...]

hard

http://www.anesthesi [...]

326

1998

Norris MC, Fogel ST, Holtmann B.

Intrathecal sufentanil (5 vs. 10 microg) for labor analgesia: efficacy and side effects.
Reg Anesth Pain Med. 1998 May-Jun;23(3):252-7.

evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; epidural ; pain

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite growing popularity, there are few studies [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

335

1998

Thompson TT, Thorp JM Jr, Mayer D, Kuller JA, Bowes WA Jr.

Does epidural analgesia cause dystocia?
J Clin Anesth. 1998 Feb;10(1):58-65.

c-section/caesarean ; dystocy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; active management of labor ; duration of labour

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of epidural analgesia for labor [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

715

Les taux d’interventions étaient trop élevés pour ce groupe à faible risque de nullipares.

1998

Williams FL, Florey CV, Ogston SA, Patel NB, Howie PW, Tindall VR.

UK study of intrapartum care for low risk primigravidas: a survey of interventions.
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1998 Aug;52(8):494-500.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; exams during labor ; instrumental delivery ; monitoring ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; survey ; post-term pregnancy

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of intrapartum intervention received [...]

hard

http://jech.bmjjourn [...]

718

L’accompagnement global réduit le nombre des interventions.

1998

Waldenstrom U, Turnbull D.

A systematic review comparing continuity of midwifery care with standard maternity services.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Nov;105(11):1160-70.

attendance ; c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; monitoring ; epidural ; physiology ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; post-term pregnancy

OBJECTIVE: To review randomised controlled trials of alternative maternity [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1090
PDF

Walking neither enhanced nor impaired active labor and was not harmful to the mothers or their infants.

1998

Bloom SL, McIntire DD, Kelly MA, Beimer HL, Burpo RH, Garcia MA, Leveno KJ.

Lack of effect of walking on labor and delivery.
N Engl J Med. 1998 Jul 9;339(2):117-8.


c-section/caesarean ; forceps delivery ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology ; instrumental delivery

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Walking during labor may reduce patients’ discomfort [...]

hard

2206

For middle-class women laboring with the support of their male partner, the continuous presence of a doula during labor significantly decreased the likelihood of cesarean delivery and reduced the need for epidural analgesia.

1998

McGrath SK, Kennell JH.

A randomized controlled trial of continuous labor support for middle-class couples: effect on cesarean delivery rates. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Oct;105(10):1056-63.
attendance ; c-section/caesarean ; doula ; birth attendant ; epidural ; psychology

BACKGROUND: Previous randomized controlled studies in several different [...]

Traduction de Margot Winterhalter

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

338

1997

Turcot L, Marcoux S, Fraser WD.

Multivariate analysis of risk factors for operative delivery in nulliparous women. Canadian Early Amniotomy Study Group.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Feb;176(2):395-402.

c-section/caesarean ; fetal distress ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to develop predictive models of operative delivery [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

339

1997

Lieberman E, Lang JM, Frigoletto F Jr, Richardson DK, Ringer SA, Cohen A.

Epidural analgesia, intrapartum fever, and neonatal sepsis evaluation.
Pediatrics. 1997 Mar;99(3):415-9.

evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

OBJECTIVE: Although several studies have documented an increase in maternal [...]

hard

http://pediatrics.aa [...]

350

1997

Gagnon AJ, Waghorn K, Covell C.

A randomized trial of one-to-one nurse support of women in labor.
Birth. 1997 Jun;24(2):71-7.

attendance ; c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; pain ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: Health researchers and provider groups have recommended that [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

733

In the absence of strong data to the contrary, women should be encouraged to engage in perineal massage if they wish and to adopt the birth positions of their choice.

1997

Flynn P, Franiek J, Janssen P, Hannah WJ, Klein MC.

How can second-stage management prevent perineal trauma? Critical review.
Can Fam Physician. 1997 Jan;43:73-84.

episiotomy ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology

OBJECTIVE: To learn which factors influencing perineal integrity were modifiable [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

801

1997

Poen AC, Felt-Bersma RJ, Dekker GA, Deville W, Cuesta MA, Meuwissen SG.

Third degree obstetric perineal tears: risk factors and the preventive role of mediolateral episiotomy.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1997 May;104(5):563-6.

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for third degree obstetric perineal [...]

hard

1128

1997

al-Mufti R, Morey R, Shennan A, Morgan B.

Blood pressure and fetal heart rate changes with patient-controlled combined spinal epidural analgesia while ambulating in labour.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1997 May;104(5):554-8.

fetal distress ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of patient-controlled combined spinal [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

321

1996

Lieberman E, Lang JM, Cohen A, D'Agostino R Jr, Datta S, Frigoletto FD Jr.

Association of epidural analgesia with cesarean delivery in nulliparas.
Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Dec;88(6):993-1000.

c-section/caesarean ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether epidural analgesia during the first stage [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

346

1996

Thorp JA, Breedlove G.

Epidural analgesia in labor: an evaluation of risks and benefits. Review.
Birth. 1996 Jun;23(2):63-83.

c-section/caesarean ; fetal distress ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; epidural ; morbidity ; pain

BACKGROUND: Intrapartum epidural analgesia has become increasingly popular [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1105

Les différences de pratique entre les sages-femmes et les obstétriciens.

1996

Fullerton JT, Hollenbach KA, Wingard DL.

Practice styles. A comparison of obstetricians and nurse-midwives.
J Nurse Midwifery. 1996 May-Jun;41(3):243-50.

attendance ; deontology ; episiotomy ; epidural ; position during labor ; guidelines ; psychology ; active management of labor ; physiology ; duration of labour ; ethics

Iain Chalmers and the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Oxford, England, [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1221


1996

Plaat F, Golara M, Shennan A.

Upright vs recumbent position with mobile extradurals in the early second stage of labour.
British Journal of Anaesthesia 1996;76:102.

evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology

hard

7

1995

Goer, Henci.

The Thinking Woman's Guide to a Better Birth. Practical Information for a Safe, Satisfying Childbirth. New York: Berkley.
episiotomy ; breech presentation ; induction of labor ; ultrasound scanning ; monitoring ; epidural ; c-section/caesarean ; rupture of membranes ; homebirth ; traumatism ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; psychology ; physiology ; place of birth ; post-term pregnancy

Award winning medical writer and birth activist Henci Goer gives clear, [...]

C’est une nouvelle édition de son ouvrage “Obstetric Myths Versus Research Realities”, mais nous [...]

easy

http://www.hencigoer [...]

26

1995

Goer, Henci

Slow Labor: Patience is a Virtue. In “The Thinking Woman's Guide to a Better Birth. Practical Information for a Safe, Satisfying Childbirth.” New York: Berkley, p.107-123
epidural ; active management of labor ; duration of labour

“Le travail lent: la patience est une vertu.”

Ce que montrent [...]

Pour commander l’ouvrage:
http://www.amazon.fr/exec/obidos/ASIN/0399525173/

easy

http://www.hencigoer [...]

27

1995

Goer, Henci.

Epidurals and Narcotics: A Shot in the Dark. In “The Thinking Woman's Guide to a Better Birth. Practical Information for a Safe, Satisfying Childbirth.” New York: Berkley, p.125-147
epidural

“Péridurale et narcotiques: coup de feu dans l’obscurité”
Ce [...]

Pour commander l’ouvrage:
http://www.amazon.fr/exec/obidos/ASIN/0399525173/

easy

http://www.hencigoer [...]

40

1995

Goer, Henci

Epidural Anesthesia. In “Obstetric Myths Versus Research Realities: A Guide to the Medical Literature.” Westport: Bergin & Garvey, p.249-273
epidural

“La péridurale”
Mythe: La notion d’accouchement naturel est [...]

Pour commander l’ouvrage:
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0897894278/

easy

http://www.hencigoer [...]

340

1995

Hawkins JL, Hess KR, Kubicek MA, Joyce TH 3rd, Morrow DH.

A reevaluation of the association between instrument delivery and epidural analgesia.
Reg Anesth. 1995 Jan-Feb;20(1):50-6.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; maternal age

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES. Over 100 papers in the medical literature suggest [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

341

1994

Thorp JA.

Obstetricians and epidural analgesia. Letter to the Editors.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1994;170(6):1161.

c-section/caesarean ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; vaginal birth after caesarean

Farabow et al. should be congratulated on their retrospective analysis [...]

easy

http://www2.us.elsev [...]

342

1994

Thorp JA, Meyer BA, Cohen GR, Yeast JD, Hu D.

Epidural analgesia in labor and cesarean delivery for dystocia. Review.
Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1994 May;49(5):362-9.

c-section/caesarean ; dystocy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

Published studies assessing the effect of epidural analgesia in nulliparous [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1002

Etude, chez les brebis, de l’effet sur l’instinct maternel de l’analgésie péridurale et d’une stimulation génitale plus oestrogènes et progestérone

1994

KEVERNE EB, KENDRICK KM

Maternal-behavior in sheep and its neuroendocrine regulation. ACTA PAEDIATRICA 83,p.47-56 Suppl. 397 JUN
hormones ; epidural ; oxytocin

Non-parturient sheep, hormonally primed and presented with newborn lambs [...]

hard

322

1993

Thorp JA, Hu DH, Albin RM, McNitt J, Meyer BA, Cohen GR, Yeast JD.

The effect of intrapartum epidural analgesia on nulliparous labor: a randomized, controlled, prospective trial.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Oct;169(4):851-8.

c-section/caesarean ; dystocy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; pain

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the effect of epidural analgesia [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

345

1993

Farabow WS, Roberson VO, Maxey J, Spray BJ.

A twenty-year retrospective analysis of the efficacy of epidural analgesia-anesthesia when administered and/or managed by obstetricians.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Aug;169(2 Pt 1):270-7; discussion 277-8.

c-section/caesarean ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively determine the [...]

Voir la critique par Thorp dans Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Oct;171(4):1161.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

700

1993

Viktrup L, Lose G.

Epidural anesthesia during labor and stress incontinence after delivery.
Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Dec;82(6):984-6.

incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; epidural

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that epidural anesthesia during labor [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1107

Position changes and alternative birth positions promote greater comfort and efficiency during labor.

1993

Smith MA, Ruffin MT 4th, Green LA.

The rational management of labor.
Am Fam Physician. 1993 May 1;47(6):1471-81.

deontology ; episiotomy ; pain ; active management of labor ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; monitoring ; IV ; epidural ; position during labor ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; amniotomy ; duration of labour ; ethics

Some practices and procedures that are common during the management of [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

982

The duration of the second stage of labour had a significant independent association with the risk of both PPH and maternal infection after adjustment for other factors. However, there was a similar or greater risk of PPH in association with operative delivery or a birthweight greater than 4000 g.

1992

Saunders NS, Paterson CM.

Neonatal and maternal morbidity in relation to the length of the second stage of labour. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1992; 99 : 381-5
postpartum hemorrhage ; infections ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; morbidity

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between the duration of the second [...]

Les auteurs trouvent un risque hémorragique accru en cas d’analgésie péridurale (OR 2.1, CI 95% [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1005

1992

SEPKOSKI CM, LESTER BM, OSTHEIMER GW, BRAZELTON TB

The effects of maternal epidural-anesthesia on neonatal behavior during the 1st month. DEVELOPMENTAL MEDICINE AND CHILD NEUROLOGY 34 (12): 1072-1080 DEC 1992
hormones ; epidural

The effects of maternal epidural anesthesia with bupivacaine on the infant’s [...]

hard

1380

L'amniotomie de routine raccourcit la durée du travail mais nécessite davantage de péridurale. Elle augmente la fréquence d'anormalité au niveau de la fréquence cardiaque du foetus.
Routine ARM shorten labour but requires more epidurals. It increases the fetal heart rate abnormalities.

1992

BARRETT JFR, SAVAGE J, PHILLIPS K, LILFORD RJ

RANDOMIZED TRIAL OF AMNIOTOMY IN LABOR VERSUS THE INTENTION TO LEAVE MEMBRANES INTACT UNTIL THE 2ND STAGE. BRITISH JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY 99 (1): 5-9 JAN 1992


amniotomy ; oxytocin ; epidural ; active management of labor

OBJECTIVE To compare by randomized prospective clinical trial the outcome [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

337

1991

Spencer JA, Koutsoukis M, Lee A.

Fetal heart rate and neonatal condition related to epidural analgesia in women reaching the second stage of labour.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1991 Oct 8;41(3):173-8.

induction of labor ; fetal distress ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy

The relationship between epidural analgesia and a number of labour and [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

343

1991

Thorp JA, Eckert LO, Ang MS, Johnston DA, Peaceman AM, Parisi VM.

Epidural analgesia and cesarean section for dystocia: risk factors in nulliparas.
Am J Perinatol. 1991 Nov;8(6):402-10.

c-section/caesarean ; fetal distress ; dystocy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

A retrospective study assessing the effect of epidural analgesia in labor [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

347

1991

Piper JM, Bolling DR, Newton ER.

The second stage of labor: factors influencing duration.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Oct;165(4 Pt 1):976-9.

epidural

Prolonged second stage of labor is associated with increased perinatal [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

983

Factors having a significant association with hemorrhage were prolonged third stage of labor (adjusted odds ratio 7.56), preeclampsia (odds ratio 5.02), mediolateral episiotomy (4.67), previous postpartum hemorrhage (3.55), twins (3.31), arrest of descent (2.91), soft-tissue lacerations (2.05), augmented labor (1.66), forceps or vacuum delivery (1.66), Asian (1.73) or Hispanic (1.66) ethnicity, midline episiotomy (1.58), and nulliparity (1.45).

1991

Combs CA, Murphy EL, Laros RK Jr.

Factors associated with postpartum hemorrhage with vaginal birth. Obstet Gynecol 1991 ; 77 : 69-76.
postpartum hemorrhage ; oxytocin ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; eclampsia (pre-) ; placenta previa/accreta ; placenta previa/accreta ; epidural

A case-control study was performed to study risk factors for postpartum [...]

Les auteurs ne trouvent pas de risque hémorragique accru en cas d’analgésie péridurale (OR 0.87, [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

324

1990

Chestnut DH, Laszewski LJ, Pollack KL, Bates JN, Manago NK, Choi WW.

Continuous epidural infusion of 0.0625% bupivacaine-0.0002% fentanyl during the second stage of labor.
Anesthesiology. 1990 Apr;72(4):613-8.

instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed to evaluate [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

352

1990

Walter HM.

Peridural anesthesia and method of delivery. Peridural anesthesia performed by the obstetrician.
Z Geburtshilfe Perinatol. 1990 Sep-Oct;194(5):228-35.

c-section/caesarean ; fetal distress ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

In deliveries in epidural analgesia (PDA) there are more obstetrical operations [...]

Tres mauvais anglais, pas sure d’avoir vraiment compris ce qu’ils veulent dire.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1136

Comparaison des positions assises et decubitus latéral pour la pose de la péridurale. Pas de différences notables, l'expérience de l'anesthésiste étant primordiale.

1990

Stone PA, Kilpatrick AW, Thorburn J.

Posture and epidural catheter insertion. The relationship between skill, experience and maternal posture on the outcome of epidural catheter insertion.
Anaesthesia. 1990 Nov;45(11):920-3.

epidural ; position during labor ; physiology

This study was undertaken to investigate the outcome of epidural catheter [...]

hard

Comparaison des positions [...]

323

1989

Thorp JA, Parisi VM, Boylan PC, Johnston DA.

The effect of continuous epidural analgesia on cesarean section for dystocia in nulliparous women.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Sep;161(3):670-5.

c-section/caesarean ; fetal distress ; dystocy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; maternal age ; pain

Epidural analgesia in labor is generally accepted as safe and effective [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

344

1989

Philipsen T, Jensen NH.

Epidural block or parenteral pethidine as analgesic in labour; a randomized study concerning progress in labour and instrumental deliveries.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1989 Jan;30(1):27-33.

instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; epidural ; pain

A prospective randomized study was performed to evaluate the influence [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1047

There is little support for the claim that episiotomy prevents tears in normal deliveries, and the rationale for the practice of episiotomy is consequently in need of reappraisal.

1989

Rockner G, Wahlberg V, Olund A.

Episiotomy and perineal trauma during childbirth. J Adv Nurs. 1989 Apr;14(4):264-8.
perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; postpartum hemorrhage ; epidural

A study was conducted to assess the frequency of episiotomy and spontaneous [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

702

1988

Schuessler B, Hesse U, Dimpfl T, Anthuber C.

Epidural anaesthesia and avoidance of postpartum stress urinary incontinence.
Lancet. 1988 Apr 2;1(8588):762.

incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; epidural

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

353

1987

Chestnut DH.

The effect of epidural analgesia on the frequency of instrumental delivery.
Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Nov;70(5):814-6.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; epidural

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

354

1987

Chestnut DH.

Regional anesthesia, other than epidural, for labor and vaginal delivery.
Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Sep;30(3):530-8.

pain medication ; epidural ; pain

hard

Clin Obstet Gynecol. [...]

356

1987

Chestnut DH, Vandewalker GE, Owen CL, Bates JN, Choi WW.

The influence of continuous epidural bupivacaine analgesia on the second stage of labor and method of delivery in nulliparous women.
Anesthesiology. 1987 Jun;66(6):774-80.

instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study was performed to evaluate [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

357

1987

Chestnut DH, Vandewalker GE, Owen CL, Bates JN, Choi WW.

Administration of metoclopramide for prevention of nausea and vomiting during epidural anesthesia for elective cesarean section.
Anesthesiology. 1987 Apr;66(4):563-6.

epidural

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

358

1987

Chestnut DH, Bates JN, Choi WW.

Continuous infusion epidural analgesia with lidocaine: efficacy and influence during the second stage of labor.
Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Mar;69(3 Pt 1):323-7.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

A randomized double-blind study evaluated the analgesic efficacy and influence [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

359

1987

Chestnut DH, Bates JN, Choi WW.

Effect of intravenous administration of Ringer's lactate on maternal capillary blood glucose before elective cesarean section.
J Reprod Med. 1987 Mar;32(3):191-3.

IV ; epidural

Capillary blood glucose concentrations were determined before and after [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

981

Induction of labour by amniotomy/oxytocin, forceps delivery, long first and second stages [...] were identified as significant risk factors of postpartum haemorrhage.

1987

Gilbert L, Porter W, Brown VA.

Postpartum haemorrhage - a continuing problem. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1987 Jan;94(1):67-71.
amniotomy ; induction of labor ; forceps delivery ; active management of labor ; postpartum hemorrhage ; oxytocin ; epidural ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

The factors responsible for postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in singleton vaginal [...]

easy

1147

Une baisse du rythme cardiaque et une moins bonne oxygénation du foetus sont observés dans 9% des cas juste après la pose d'une péridurale, en association avec une baisse de la tension maternelle et une hypertonie utérine.

1982

Willcourt RJ, Paust JC, Queenan JT.

Changes in fetal TCPO2 values occurring during labour in association with lumbar extradural analgesia.
Br J Anaesth. 1982 Jun;54(6):635-41.

evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy

Forty-six of 64 high risk labours were managed with continuous lumbar extradural [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1200

La position sur le dos devrait être évitée en cas de péridurale, car elle est probablement responsable de décompensation fœtale.

1975

Weaver JB, Pearson JF, Rosen M.

Posture and epidural block in pregnant women at term. Effects on arterial blood pressure and limb blood flow.
Anaesthesia. 1975 Nov;30(6):752-6.

evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor

Upper and lower limb blood flow was measured in 4 full-term pregnant women [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

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