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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

New expert query

171 found records

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ID

Argument

Year

Author(s)

Bibliographical entry (without author)

Abstract

Comments

Rating

URL

2390

2010

M. Mangin, R. Ramanah, Z. Aouar, L. Courtois, A. Collin, S. Cossa, A. Martin, R. Maillet, D. Riethmuller

Données 2007 de l’extraction instrumentale en France : résultats d’une enquête nationale auprès de l’ensemble des centres hospitalo-universitaires
Operative delivery data in France for 2007: Results of a national survey within teaching hospitals
Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Volume 39, numéro 2
pages 121-132 (avril 2010)

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

Objectif
Les recommandations pour la pratique clinique (RPC) du Collège [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2320

2009

Geraldine O’Sullivan, Bing Liu,Darren Hart, Paul Seed, Andrew Shennan

Effect of food intake during labour on obstetric outcome: randomised controlled trial
c-section/caesarean ; duration of labour ; instrumental delivery ; diet/nutrition ; birth plan ; guidelines

Objective To investigate the effect of feeding during labour on obstetric [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2385

2009

S. Vanlieferinghen, G. Girard, L. Mandelbrot

Étude comparative de la morbidité maternofœtale immédiate des extractions par spatules de Thierry et par ventouses
A comparison of maternal and fetal complications during operative vaginal delivery using Thierry’s spatulas and the vacuum extractor Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Volume 38, numéro 8
pages 648-654 (décembre 2009)

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

Objective
To compare short-term maternal and fetal morbidities between [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2391

2009

Z. Aouar, R. Ramanah, M. Mangin, F. Leung, B. Mulin 1, L. Courtois, S. Cossa, R. Maillet, D. Riethmuller

Morbidité materno-fœtale liée à l’extraction instrumentale par spatules de Teissier. Étude comparative à la ventouse obstétricale de type Minicup®
Comparing fetal and maternal morbidities between operative deliveries by Teissier’s spatulas and Minicup® vacuum extractor
Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Volume 38, numéro 8
pages 642-647 (décembre 2009)

episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

Objective
To compare fetal and maternal morbidities between operative [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2411

2009

A. Millet, G. Magnin, S. Desurmont

La pudeur en salle de naissance: ressenti des femmes, des personnes accompagnantes et du personnel médical Revue de médecine périnatale Volume 1, Number 4, décembre.
attendance ; instrumental delivery ; physiology ; psychology

The aim of the study is to assess the importance of modesty of the parturient [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2100

Programme efficace pour réduire la prise de poids (objectif moins de 7 kg) des femmes obèses pendant la grossesse: entretiens de motivation hebdomadaires et gymnastique aquatique.

2008

I-M Claesson, G Sydsjö, J Brynhildsen, M Cedergren, A Jeppsson, F Nyström, A Sydsjö, A Josefsson

Weight gain restriction for obese pregnant women: a case-control intervention study
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 115 (1) , 44–50.

instrumental delivery ; diet/nutrition ; maternal weight

Objective To minimise obese women’s total weight gain during pregnancy [...]

hard

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2345

2008

F. Pierre, M. Jousse

Aspects médico-légaux de l’extraction instrumentale. Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction Volume 37, numéro 8S1 pages 276-287 (décembre 2008)
law ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

The aim of this data analysis on medical liability in professional guidelines [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2383

2008

L Sentilhes, P Gillard, P Descamps, A Fournié

Indications et prérequis à la réalisation d’une extraction instrumentale : quand, comment et où ?
Indications and prerequisites for operative vaginal delivery: when, how and where?Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Vol 37, N° 8S1 - décembre 2008
pp. 188-201

episiotomy ; instrumental delivery

Objective: To determine the indications and prerequisites for operative [...]

article gratuit

easy

http://dx.doi.org/JG [...]

2386

2008

L. Courtois a, , P. Becher a, D. Maticot-Baptista a, A. Cour b, B. Zurlinden b, P. Millet, Y. Maisonnette-Escot, D. Riethmuller, R. Maillet

Extraction instrumentale par spatules de Thierry : évaluation du risque périnéal en fonction du dégagement
Instrumental extractions using Thierryʼs spatulas: Evaluation of the risk of perineal laceration according to occiput position in operative deliveries
ournal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Volume 37, numéro 3
pages 276-282 (mai 2008)

episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery

Objective
Risk factors for severe perineal lacerations are nowadays [...]

accès libre

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2388

2008

J.-P. Menard, M. Provansal, H. Heckenroth, M. Gamerre, F. Bretelle, C. Mazouni

Morbidité maternelle immédiate après extraction instrumentale par spatules de Thierry et par ventouse obstétricale
Maternal morbidity after Thierryʼs spatulas and vacuum deliveries
Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité
Volume 36, numéro 6
pages 623-627 (juin 2008)

instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

Objective
To compare maternal morbidity after Thierryʼs spatulas [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2393

2008

N. Rouzic a, d, , M. Faisant a, J.-L. Scheydeker c , M. Collet b , B. Lejeune a

Infections nosocomiales en maternité au centre hospitalier universitaire de Brest du 01/01/2000 au 31/12/2005
Hospital infections in the maternity department at Brest Hospital over a period from 2000 to 2005
Pathologie Biologie
Volume 56, numéro 2
pages 58-65 (mars 2008)

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; epidural

Hospital infections are at stake in terms of public health. They are responsible [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2395

2008

G. Beucher

Complications maternelles des extractions instrumentales
Maternal morbidity after operative vaginal delivery

Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Vol 37, N° 8S1 - décembre 2008
pp. 244-259

instrumental delivery

Operative vaginal delivery significantly increases the risk of anal sphincter [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/JG [...]

2379

2007

A. Barbier, O. Poujade, R. Fay, O. Thiébaugeorges, M. Levardon, B. Deval

La primiparité est-elle le seul facteur de risque des lésions du sphincter anal en cours d'accouchement? Is primiparity, the only risk factor for type 3 and 4 perineal injury, during delivery?
Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité
Volume 35, numéro 2
pages 101-106 (février 2007)

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery

Objective
Primiparity has been identified as the main risk factor [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

2028
PDF

L'embolie est rare, mais souvent mortelle. Le déclenchement de l'accouchement est associé à un risque deux fois plus élévé de survenue d'une embolie.

2006

Kramer MS, Rouleau J, Baskett TF, Joseph KS.

Amniotic-fluid embolism and medical induction of labour: a retrospective, population-based cohort study. {Canada}. Lancet. 2006 Oct 21;368(9545):1399-401.
induction of labor ; eclampsia (pre-) ; instrumental delivery ; perinatal death rates ; placenta previa/accreta ; placenta previa/accreta ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: Amniotic-fluid embolism is a rare, but serious and often fatal [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

2373

2006

D. Riethmuller, M. Dreyfus, B. Jacquetin

L’épisiotomie libérale devrait avoir vécue ! (sic). À propos de l’article : « Extraction instrumentale par spatules de Thierry », publié dans le n° 8-2005 Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Vol 35, N° 2 - avril 2006
pp. 197-199

episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery

About: “Instrumental extraction with Thierry’s spatula” (J Gynecol [...]

accès libre, mais voir article (lien) pour les références

easy

http://dx.doi.org/JG [...]

1150

Le risque de dépression post-natale serait indépendant du mode d'accouchement lorsqu'il s'agit de choisir
entre une césarienne programmée et un accouchement par voie basse, ou encore entre une césarienne
d'urgence un accouchement par voie basse avec ou sans extraction instrumentale.


2005

Patel RR, Murphy DJ, Peters TJ.

Operative delivery and postnatal depression: a cohort study.
The British Medical Journal 2005;330:879

c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; instrumental delivery ; psychology

Objectives
To assess the association between elective caesarean section [...]

Article en accès libre.

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

1254
PDF

Les facteurs de risque indépendants de déchirures sévères du périnée sont les extractions instrumentales et la macrosomie.

2005

Sheiner E, Levy A, Walfisch A, Hallak M, Mazor M.

Third degree perineal tears in a university medical center where midline episiotomies are not performed.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2005;271(4):307-310.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy

OBJECTIVE: Midline episiotomy is a known major risk factor for severe perineal [...]

Texte en accès libre. Ce n’est pas un article original, le même contenu avait déjà été publié [...]

hard

http://springerlink. [...]

1259
PDF

Les femmes les plus à risque de césarienne ou extraction instrumentale sont les ouvriers non qualifiés, et inversement la catégorie des hauts salaires. Les femmes les moins à risque sont les femmes au foyer.

2005

Simoes E, Kunz S, Bosing-Schwenkglenks M, Schmahl FW.

Occupation and risk of cesarean section: study based on the perinatal survey of Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2005;271(4):338-342.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; history, sociology ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; survey

OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the current influence of [...]

Texte en accès libre.

easy

http://springerlink. [...]

1288

The use of episiotomy increased the risk of extensive perineal tears without a reduction in the risk of shoulder dystocia.

2005

Youssef R, Ramalingam U, Macleod M, Murphy DJ.

Cohort study of maternal and neonatal morbidity in relation to use of episiotomy at instrumental vaginal delivery. BJOG. 2005 Jul;112(7):941-5.
episiotomy ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; perineal/vaginal tears ; morbidity

(Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK.)

OBJECTIVE: [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1381

Une étude des accouchements ressentis comme traumatiques lorsqu'il y a eu extraction avec la ventouse. Le facteur de risque principal est une mauvaise interaction avec les soignants : manque d'ecoute et de support en particulier.

2005

Uotila JT, Taurio K, Salmelin R, Kirkinen P.

Traumatic experience with vacuum extraction--influence of personal preparation, physiology, and treatment during labor. J Perinat Med. 2005;33(5):373-8. {Finlande}

attendance ; psychology ; traumatism ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery


OBJECTIVE: To assess pre-labor attitudes and post-labor experiences [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1899


2005

Sachs BP.

A 38-year-old woman with fetal loss and hysterectomy. {USA}.
JAMA. 2005 Aug 17;294(7):833-40.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; fetal distress ; eclampsia (pre-) ; forceps delivery ; misoprostol (Cytotec) ; stillbirth ; epidural ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

2350

2005

X. Fritel

Du mode d’accouchement à l’incontinence
Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Vol 34, N° 8 - décembre 2005
pp. 739-744

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus

From delivery mode to incontinence.
Vaginal delivery has been considered [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/JG [...]

427
PDF

2004

Bahl R, Strachan B, Murphy DJ.

Outcome of subsequent pregnancy three years after previous operative delivery in the second stage of labour: cohort study.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:311.

c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; traumatism ; psychology

OBJECTIVE : To evaluate the reproductive outcome and the mode of delivery [...]

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

428

2004

Cluett ER, Pickering RM, Getliffe K, St George Saunders NJ.

Randomised controlled trial of labouring in water compared with standard of augmentation for management of dystocia in first stage of labour.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:314.

alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; pain ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; hormones ; active management of labor ; morbidity ; amniotomy ; duration of labour

OBJECTIVES : To evaluate the impact of labouring in water during first [...]

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

543

2004

Kariminia A, Chamberlain ME, Keogh J, Shea A.

Randomised controlled trial of effect of hands and knees posturing on incidence of occiput posterior position at birth.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:490.

c-section/caesarean ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of hands and knees position and pelvic [...]

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

611

2004

Likis FE.

Women’s perceptions of birth following operative deliveries. Journal Reviews.
Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health 2004;49(2):161.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; psychology

easy

http://www2.us.elsev [...]

617

2004

Zaidi J, Zaidi F.

Labouring in water. Method is unclear. Letter.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:767.

active management of labor ; alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; duration of labour ; dystocy ; epidural ; instrumental delivery

Commentary of the paper by Cluett et al. (428)

The method of [...]

Texte en accès libre / Open-access paper / Texto acesso aberto

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

618

2004

Bradshaw H.

Labouring in water. Findings do not fully support conclusions. Letter.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:768.

alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; active management of labor ; duration of labour

Commentary of the paper by Cluett et al. (428)

The study by [...]

Texte en accès libre.

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

619

2004

Cluett ER, Getliffe K, Pickering RM, St George Saunders NJ.

Labouring in water. Authors' reply. Letter.
dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; active management of labor ; duration of labour

Answers to commentaries on the paper by Cluett et al. (428)

Texte en accès libre.

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

622

2004

Kohelet D, Katz N, Sadan O, Somekh E.

Herpes Simplex Virus Infection after Vacuum-assisted Vaginally Delivered Infants of Asymptomatic Mothers.
Journal of Perinatalogy 2004;24(3):147-149.

infections ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vacuum extraction technique is associated [...]

hard

http://www.nature.co [...]

633

2004

Cheong YC, Abdullahi H, Lashen H, Fairlie FM.

Can formal education and training improve the outcome of instrumental delivery? European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2004;113(2):139-144.
perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; midwifery training ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; morbidity ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE(s): The primary objective was to examine the effect of formal [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

749

Un objectif important pour l’amélioration de la qualité des services sera l’usage restreint de l’extraction instrumentale et de l’épisiotomie. (Canton de Zurich)

2004

Schwappach DL, Blaudszun A, Conen D, Eichler K, Hochreutener MA, Koeck CM.

Women's experiences with low-risk singleton in-hospital delivery in Switzerland.
Swiss Med Wkly. 2004 Feb 21;134(7-8):103-9.

c-section/caesarean ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal and neonatal clinical short-term outcomes [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

780

2004

Patel RR, Murphy DJ.

Forceps delivery in modern obstetric practice. Clinical review.
The British Medical Journal 2004;328:1302-1305.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; breech presentation ; traumatism ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

This review discusses the specific uses and potential advantages of forceps [...]

Texte en accès libre.

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

791

Grande disparité des taux de péridurale, déclenchement, épisiotomie, déchirures, forceps, entre deux maternités françaises.

2004

Le Ray C, Gaudu S, Teboul M, Cabrol D, Goffinet F.

Prise en charge du travail et de l'accouchement chez la nullipare à bas risque : comparaison d'une maternité de type 1 et d'une maternité de type 3
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod 2004 Feb;33:30-6.

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; epidural ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVES: To compare obstetrical practices between level 1 ( community [...]

hard

http://www.e2med.com [...]

804

2004

Deering SH, Carlson N, Stitely M, Allaire AD, Satin AJ.

Perineal body length and lacerations at delivery.
J Reprod Med. 2004 Apr;49(4):306-10.

perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery

OBJECTIVE: To define normal perineal body length during labor and determine [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

805
PDF

2004

Sheiner E, Levy A, Walfisch A, Hallak M, Mazor M.

Third degree perineal tears in a university medical center where midline episiotomies are not performed.
Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2004 Mar 16

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE. Midline episiotomy is a known major risk factor for severe perineal [...]

Article en accès libre.

hard

http://springerlink. [...]

807

2004

Johnson JH, Figueroa R, Garry D, Elimian A, Maulik D.

Immediate maternal and neonatal effects of forceps and vacuum-assisted deliveries.
Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Mar;103(3):513-8.

perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the differences in immediate maternal and neonatal [...]

hard

http://www.greenjour [...]

825

2004

Dannecker C, Lienemann A, Fischer T, Anthuber C.

Influence of spontaneous and instrumental vaginal delivery on objective measures of pelvic organ support: assessment with the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POPQ) technique and functional cine magnetic resonance imaging.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2004;115(1):32-38.

incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of spontaneous and instrumented vaginal [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

827
PDF

2004

Stadlmayr W, Schneider H, Amsler F, Bürgin D, Bitzer J.

How do obstetric variables influence the dimensions of the birth experience as assessed by Salmon’s item list (SIL-Ger)?
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2004;115(1):43-50.

instrumental delivery ; epidural ; psychology

Objective: To analyse the effect of obstetric variables on four dimensions [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

837

Autant de mortalité néonatale avec les forceps et la ventouse.

2004

Demissie K, Rhoads GG, Smulian JC, Balasubramanian BA, Gandhi K, Joseph KS, Kramer M.

Operative vaginal delivery and neonatal and infant adverse outcomes: population based retrospective analysis. The British Medical Journal 2004;329:24.
dystocy ; forceps delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; perinatal death rates ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; morbidity ; instrumental delivery

Objective

To compare the risk of neonatal and infant adverse [...]

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

841

Eviter l'expression abdominale traumatisante et dangereuse.

2004

Bicheron F.

Communiqué du conseil national de l'ordre des Sages-Femmes. PRATIQUE DE LA VENTOUSE.
Publication électronique.(http://www.ordre-sages-femmes.fr/)

fundal pressure ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

Le Conseil national de l’Ordre des sages-femmes a demandé l’inscription [...]

easy

http://www.ordre-sag [...]

845

La péridurale faiblement dosée en bipuvacaïne n'augmente pas le risque de césarienne, augmente le risque d'extraction iinstrumentale, rallonge la durée du 2sd stade.

2004

Liu EHC, Sia ATH.

Rates of caesarean section and instrumental vaginal delivery in nulliparous women after low concentration epidural infusions or opioid analgesia: systematic review.
British Medical Journal 2004;328:1410.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; pain medication ; epidural ; pain

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of low concentration epidural infusions [...]

Article en accès libre

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

848
PDF

Pour les femmes sous péridurale, on compare la position couchée latérale (droite ou gauche, au choix) à la position assise avec soutien pendant la période passive de la seconde phase du travail (soit, d'après le protocole, une période d'une heure à partir de la dilatation complète pendant laquelle on ne demande pas à la femme de pousser). La position latérale permettrait moins d'extractions instrumentales que la position assise avec soutien.

2004

Downe S, Gerrett D, Renfrew MJ.

A prospective randomised trial on the effect of position in the passive second stage of labour on birth outcome in nulliparous women using epidural analgesia.
Midwifery 2004;20(2):157-168.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor

Objective:

To determine whether the rate of instrumental birth [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

909

L'accouchement reste le plus grand pourvoyeur d'incontinence... Les forceps ou l'expression abdominale (« un geste que l'on devrait proscrire ») peuvent provoquer des dégâts périnéaux importants.

2004

Hélène Grillon

L’incontinence urinaire : priorité à la prévention. 2e Semaine nationale de l’incontinence, 24-28 mai. Le Quotidien du Médecin, 25/05/2004
fundal pressure ; forceps delivery ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; instrumental delivery

L’INCONTINENCE urinaire concerne les deux sexes, à tous les âges : [...]

easy

http://www.shf-franc [...]

1009

2004

Morrisson S.

NEWS. Canada achieves lowest perinatal mortality ever.
Canadian Medical Association Journal 2004; 171 (9).

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; perinatal death rates ; epidural

The increasing medicalization of childbirth in Canada isn’t surprising [...]

easy

http://www.cmaj.ca/c [...]

1065

2004

Odent MR.

Letter. Making sense of rising caesarean section rates. Reducing caesarean section rates should not be the primary objective.
The British Medical Journal 2004;329:1240.

c-section/caesarean ; deontology ; instrumental delivery ; physiology ; psychology ; ethics

EDITOR—So long as the studies suggested by Anderson in his editorial [...]

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

1099
PDF

Cochrane review, with the conclusion that womens should be encouraged the use the most confortable position.

2004

Gupta JK, Hofmeyr GJ.

Position for women during second stage of labour.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1):CD002006.

perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor

BACKGROUND: For centuries, there has been controversy around whether being [...]

hard

http://www.mrw.inter [...]

1120

Pour des femmes sous péridurale, la mobilité pendant la première phase du travail n'a d'effet ni sur le mode d'accouchement (extraction instrumentale ou césarienne), ni sur la durée du travail, ni sur l'utilisation d'oxytocines, ni sur la douleur, ni sur l'apgar, mais ne semble pas présenter d'effets délétères.

2004

Roberts CL, Algert CS, Olive E.

Impact of first-stage ambulation on mode of delivery among women with epidural analgesia.
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Dec;44(6):489-94.

c-section/caesarean ; duration of labour ; instrumental delivery ; active management of labor ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor

BACKGROUND: New techniques for administering epidural analgesia allow increased [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1122
PDF

High quality meta-analysis comparing supine with other positions for the second stage of labor. The only significant results are, supine vs others : more instrumental deliveries and more episiotomies, more pain and less satisfaction. None of the foetal outcomes shows any significant difference.

2004

De Jonge A, Teunissen TA, Lagro-Janssen AL.

Supine position compared to other positions during the second stage of labor: a meta-analytic review.
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Mar;25(1):35-45.

alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; perineal/vaginal tears ; deontology ; fetal distress ; pain ; duration of labour ; episiotomy ; ethics ; instrumental delivery ; active management of labor ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor ; psychology

The routine use of the supine position during the second stage of labor [...]

Texte en acces libre

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1354
PDF


2004

van Der Hulst LA, van Teijlingen ER, Bonsel GJ, Eskes M, Bleker OP.

Does a pregnant woman's intended place of birth influence her attitudes toward and occurrence of obstetric interventions? {Hollande}.
Birth. 2004 Mar;31(1):28-33.

homebirth ; amniotomy ; induction of labor ; sweeping of membranes ; post-term pregnancy ; duration of labour ; instrumental delivery ; active management of labor ; place of birth ; pain medication ; psychology ; rupture of membranes

BACKGROUND: A home confinement with midwifery care is still an integral [...]

Traduction Sophie N, relu E.Phan

Explication sur rupture es membranes et amnitomie plus fréquentes [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?

1364

Revue des données périnatales des maisons de naissance en Bavière et à Berlin.

2004

David M, Pachaly J, Vetter K, Kentenich H.

[Birthplace free-standing birth center -- perinatal data in comparison with clinic deliveries in Bavaria and Berlin] [Article in German].
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol. 2004 Jun;208(3):110-7.

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; fetal distress ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; place of birth ; birthing centers ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; perinatal death rates ; maternal age ; post-term pregnancy

QUESTION: The purpose of this investigation is to find any differences [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1926


2004

Tessier V, Pierre F; CNGOF; HAS.

[Risk factors of postpartum hemorrhage during labor and clinical and pharmacological prevention]. {Review,guideline}. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2004 Dec;33(8 Suppl):4S29-4S56.
c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; duration of labour ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; active management of labor ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; misoprostol (Cytotec) ; oxytocin ; placenta previa/accreta ; placenta previa/accreta ; guidelines ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy

Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major concern in regards [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

16

2003

Pitman, Teresa

Medical Interventions. Why you should understand the risks as well as the benefits


c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; ultrasound scanning ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

Dealing With Medical Interventions : It can be difficult to make decisions [...]

cet article doit être traduit en priorité...

easy

http://www.todayspar [...]

56

2003

Christianson LM, Bovbjerg VE, McDavitt EC, Hullfish KL

Risk factors for perineal injury during delivery.
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003 Jul,189(1):255-60

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; pain medication ; maternal age ; instrumental delivery ; pain

OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify risk factors for anal sphincter injury [...]

Resume en libre acces, texte complet payant.

hard

http://www2.us.elsev [...]

57
PDF

2003

Jakobi P.

Are you happy with the epi(siotomy)?
The Israel Medical Association Journal 2003 Aug;5(8):581-4.
Review.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery

Episiotomy was introduced into medical practice without adequate evidence [...]

Article en accès libre.

easy

http://www.ima.org.il/imaj/ar03aug-11.pdf [...]

71

Le type d'épisiotomie optimal (s'il en existe un) lors des accouchements aux forceps ou a la ventouse est toujours à déterminer.

2003

Cleary-Goldman J, Robinson JN.

The role of episiotomy in current obstetric practice. Semin Perinatol. 2003 Feb;27(1):3-12.Review.
perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; dystocy ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery

This review traces the clinical use of episiotomy from the eighteenth century [...]

Copie papier disponible.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

85

2003

Peschers UM, Sultan AH, Jundt K, Mayer A, Drinovac V, Dimpfl T.

Urinary and anal incontinence after vacuum delivery.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2003;110:39-42.

perineal/vaginal tears ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate urinary and fecal incontinence symptoms, and occult [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

87

2003

Aubard Y, Fourgeaud V, Collet D, Grandchamp P, Vincelot A.

Forceps delivery and the use of synthetic opioid analgesia during epidural anaesthesia.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2003;106:130-133.

forceps delivery ; epidural ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the use of sufentanil during obstetric epidural [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

100

Les causes des déchirures - étude sur 10 ans. (Canada)

2003

McLeod NL, Gilmour DT, Joseph KS, Farrell SA, Luther ER.

Trends in major risk factors for anal sphincter lacerations: a 10-year study.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada 2003 Jul;25(7):586-93.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

OBJECTIVES: (1) To identify independent risk factors for anal sphincter [...]

Seul l’abstract semble sur le web.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

102

Dans le cas d’usage des forceps, l’épisiotomie médiolatérale est plus indiquée. Elle diminue les déchirures.

2003

Bodner-Adler B, Bodner K, Kimberger O, Wagenbichler P, Mayerhofer K.

Management of the perineum during forceps delivery. Association of episiotomy with the frequency and severity of perineal trauma in women undergoing forceps delivery.
Journal of Reproductive Medecine 2003 Apr;48(4):239-42.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of the frequency and severity of [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

103

2003

Fitzpatrick M, Behan M, O'Connell PR, O'Herlihy C.

Randomised clinical trial to assess anal sphincter function following forceps or vacuum assisted vaginal delivery.
BJOG. 2003 Apr;110(4):424-9.

perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

OBJECTIVE: To compare, in a prospective, randomised controlled trial, differences [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

114
PDF

2003

Bailham D, Joseph S.

Post-traumatic stress following chilbirth: a review of the emerging literature and directions for research and practice.
Psychology, Health & Medecine 2003;8:159-68.
Revue.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; traumatism ; psychology

The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the emerging literature [...]

hard

http://www.tabs.org. [...]

292

2003

Bohra U, Donnelly J, O'Connell MP, Geary MP, MacQuillan K, Keane DP.

Active management of labour revisited: the first 1000 primiparous labours in 2000.
J Obstet Gynaecol. 2003 Mar;23(2):118-20.

c-section/caesarean ; exams during labor ; instrumental delivery ; monitoring ; oxytocin ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; hormones ; active management of labor ; amniotomy ; duration of labour

This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary referral obstetric [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

361

2003

Fenner DE, Genberg B, Brahma P, Marek L, DeLancey JOL.

Fecal and urinary incontinence after vaginal delivery with anal sphincter disruption in an obstetrics unit in the United States.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2003;189(6):1543-1549.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

396

2003

Moalli PA, Ivy SJ, Meyn LA, Zyczynski HM.

Risk factors associated with pelvic floor disorders in women undergoing surgical repair.
Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;101(5):869-874.

forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE : To identify demographic, obstetric, and gynecologic risk [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

399

2003

Ponkey SE, Cohen AP, Heffner LJ, Lieberman E.

Persistent fetal occiput posterior position: obstetric outcomes.
Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;101(5):915-920.

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; infections ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE : To evaluate the obstetric outcomes associated with persistent [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

467

2003

Wijma K.

Why focus on ‘fear of childbirth’? Editorial.
J Psychosom Obstet Gynecol 2003;24:141-143.

c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; instrumental delivery ; traumatism ; psychology

Fear of childbirth (FOC) is a common phenomenon in pregnant women. From [...]

easy

http://jpog.ispog.or [...]

656

2003

David M.

DU BABY-BLUES AUX NEVROSES… ET TSPT POST-ACCOUCHEMENT.
Publication électronique du site Neurosciences et Psychologie au service de l' Obstétrique (NPO Sages-femmes), http://www.nposagesfemmes.org/.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; depression, anxiety ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; psychology ; traumatism ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy

C’est la première fois dans l’histoire des Sages-Femmes que plus [...]

easy

http://www.nposagesf [...]

762

2003

A. Williams

Third-degree perineal tears: risk factors and outcome after primary repair
Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Volume 23, Number 6 / November 2003

episiotomy ; perineal/vaginal tears ; forceps delivery ; dyspareunia ; morbidity ; instrumental delivery

This study aimed to determine the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter [...]

hard

http://taylorandfran [...]

789

Facteurs de risque déchirures sévères : origine asiatique, forceps, ventouse, poids du bébé, épisiotomie médiane (OR=3)

2003

Goldberg J, Hyslop T, Tolosa JE, Sultana C.

Racial differences in severe perineal lacerations after vaginal delivery.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Apr;188(4):1063-7.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; maternal age ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

795

Plus de déchirures sévères lorsque l'accouchement est en dépassement de terme, déclenché avec macrosomie foetale, utilisation de la péridurale, extraction instrumentale (notamment forceps), ou simplement conduit par un obstétricien.

2003

Gupta N, Kiran TU, Mulik V, Bethel J, Bhal K.

The incidence, risk factors and obstetric outcome in primigravid women sustaining anal sphincter tears.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003 Aug;82(8):736-43.

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: The incidence of anal sphincter tears is highest among nulliparous [...]

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

939

2003

Jolly MC, Sebire NJ, Harris JP, Regan L, Robinson S.

Risk factors for macrosomia and its clinical consequences: a study of 350,311 pregnancies.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2003 Nov 10;111(1):9-14.

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; gestational diabetes ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; morbidity

OBJECTIVES: To identify demographic risk factors for either birthweight [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

940

2003

Ohkuchi A, Onagawa T, Usui R, Koike T, Hiratsuka M, Izumi A, Ohkusa T, Matsubara S, Sato I, Suzuki M, Minakami H.

Effect of maternal age on blood loss during parturition: a retrospective multivariate analysis of 10,053 cases.
J Perinat Med. 2003;31(3):209-15.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; placenta previa/accreta ; placenta previa/accreta ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE: An extensive study as to whether maternal age itself is a risk [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

70

Diminution des taux d’épisiotomies de 69.6% en 1983, à 19.4% en 2000, dans un hôpital de Philadelphie (USA).

2002

Goldberg J, Holtz D, Hyslop T, Tolosa JE.

Has the use of routine episiotomy decreased? Examination of episiotomy rates from 1983 to 2000.
Obstetrics & Gynecology 2002;99:395-400.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To determine if practice patterns have been altered by the large [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

88

2002

Pregazzi R, Sartore A, Troiano L, Grimaldi E, Bortoli P, Siracusano S, Guaschino S.

Postpartum urinary symptoms: prevalence and risk factors.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2002;103:179-82.

instrumental delivery ; induction of labor

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of urinary symptoms, the relationship [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

89

Disparité des pratiques

2002

Alran S, Sibony O, Oury JF, Luton D, Blot P.

Differences in management and results in term-delivery in nine European referral hospitals: descriptive study.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2002;103:4-13.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; breech presentation ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; maternal age ; post-term pregnancy

OBJECTIVE: To compose obstetric interventions around Europe.

STUDY [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

113

2002

J. Söderquist, K. Wijma and B. Wijma.

Traumatic stress after childbirth: the role of obstetric variables.
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology 2002;23:31-9.


c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; pain medication ; epidural ; traumatism ; psychology ; vaginal birth after caesarean ; pain

In a sample of 1550 recently delivered women, traumatic stress after childbirth [...]

Acces au resume, texte par sur le net.

hard

http://jpog.ispog.or [...]

475
PDF

De plus en plus d'interventions de routine sont pratiquées sans preuve de leur efficacité, sous la pression du secteur privé, du médico-légal, sans consentement éclairé. Des taux plus élevés d'accouchement normaux seraient obtenus simplement en changeant les croyances et en implémentant la pratique de la médecine factuelle.

2002

Johanson R, Newburn M, Macfarlane A.

Has the medicalisation of childbirth gone too far? The British Medical Journal 2002;324:892-895.
attendance ; c-section/caesarean ; deontology ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; midwifery training ; active management of labor ; history, sociology ; hormones ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; monitoring ; perinatal death rates ; oxytocin ; IV ; epidural ; position during labor ; psychology ; physiology ; duration of labour ; ethics

Summary points

- Obstetricians play an important role in preserving [...]

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

515

2002

ANAES

Rééducation dans le cadre du post-partum.
Recommandations pour la pratique clinique de l'ANAES, décembre 2002.

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery

Le thème des recommandations se limite à la rééducation dans le cadre [...]

hard

http://www.anaes.fr/ [...]

765

2002

Riskin-Mashiah S, O'Brian Smith E, Wilkins IA.

Risk factors for severe perineal tear: can we do better?
Am J Perinatol. 2002 Jul;19(5):225-34.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

Our aim was to investigate the risk factors associated with severe perineal [...]

hard

http://www.thieme-co [...]

849

Ruptures utérines associées à: syntocinon, forceps, et expression abdominale.

2002

Vangeenderhuysen C, Souidi A.

[Uterine rupture of pregnant uterus: study of a continuous series of 63 cases at the referral maternity of Niamey (Niger)]
Med Trop (Mars). 2002;62(6):615-8.

fundal pressure ; forceps delivery ; oxytocin ; hormones ; maternal age ; instrumental delivery

Uterine rupture contributes significantly to high maternal mortality rates [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

64

Il est important de minimiser l’étendue des dommages périnéaux.

2001

Signorello LB, Harlow BL, Chekos AK, Repke JT.

Postpartum sexual functioning and its relationship to perineal trauma: a retrospective cohort study.
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001;184:881-90.

breastfeeding ; perineal/vaginal tears ; dyspareunia ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery

OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the relationship between obstetric [...]

Resume en acces libre, texte payant.

hard

http://www2.us.elsev [...]

303

Faut-il utiliser les oestrogènes seuls, ou en association avec l’amniotomie, pour la maturation du col ou le déclenchement?

2001

Thomas J, Kelly AJ, Kavanagh J.

Oestrogens alone or with amniotomy for cervical ripening or induction of labour.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(4):CD003393.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; fetal distress ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; monitoring ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; active management of labor ; amniotomy ; duration of labour ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: Studies in sheep showed that there is a pre-labour rise in [...]

easy

http://www.cochrane. [...]

304

L’amniotomie associée aux ocytocines en intraveineuse pour le déclenchement multiplie par plis de cinq le risque d’hémorragie post-partum, en comparaison avec l’administration vaginale de prostaglandines.

2001

Howarth GR, Botha DJ.

Amniotomy plus intravenous oxytocin for induction of labour.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(3):CD003250.

induction of labor ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; hormones ; active management of labor ; amniotomy ; duration of labour ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: Induction of labour is a common obstetric intervention. Amniotomy [...]

Je suis pas sure que c’est tout public, mais je mets systematiquement les
Cochrane Review en Tout [...]

easy

http://www.cochrane. [...]

307

2001

Aveline C, Bonnet F.

Influence de l'anesthésie péridurale sur la durée et les modalités de l'accouchement. [Effects of epidural anesthesia on labor and delivery]. Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation. 2001 May;20(5):471-84.


c-section/caesarean ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; oxytocin ; epidural ; position during labor ; rupture of membranes ; hormones ; active management of labor ; physiology ; amniotomy ; duration of labour ; pain

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of epidural analgesia (EA) on the duration [...]

easy

http://www.sciencedi [...]

585

2001

Rowe-Murray HJ, Fisher JR.

Operative intervention in delivery is associated with compromised early mother-infant interaction.
BJOG. 2001 Oct;108(10):1068-75.

c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; instrumental delivery ; psychology

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mode and place of delivery on [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

757

L’extraction instrumentale est une des principales causes indépendantes des déchirures du sphyncter anal. L’épisiotomie diminue le taux des déchirures du 3e degré, mais elle augmente dans les mêmes proportions ce lui des déchirures du 4e degré. (Etude rétrospective de 2 millions de cas)

2001

Handa VL, Danielsen BH, Gilbert WM.

Obstetric anal sphincter lacerations.
Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Aug;98(2):225-30.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency of obstetric anal sphincter laceration [...]

hard

http://www.greenjour [...]

796

2001

Bodner-Adler B, Bodner K, Kaider A, Wagenbichler P, Leodolter S, Husslein P, Mayerhofer K.

Risk factors for third-degree perineal tears in vaginal delivery, with an analysis of episiotomy types.
J Reprod Med. 2001 Aug;46(8):752-6.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for third-degree perineal tears [...]

Copie papier disponible.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

798
PDF

Etude pour déterminer les facteurs prédictifs des déchirures périnéales du 3ème et 4ème degré. Facteurs prédictifs : nulliparité, position accroupie sur chaise basse, âge maternel > 35 ans, points du bébé > 4000g, vacuum extractors [both outlet and mid release], épisiotomie médiane, accélération du travail par oxytocine et naissance entre 3h et 6h du matin.

2001

Jander C, Lyrenas S.

Third and fourth degree perineal tears. Predictor factors in a referral hospital.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2001 Mar;80(3):229-34.

maternal age ; perineal/vaginal tears ; duration of labour ; episiotomy ; active management of labor ; hormones ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; physiology ; position during labor ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

BACKGROUND: Tears of the anal sphincter are a feared complication of vaginal [...]

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

1023

2001

A. Shihadeh1 and W. Al-Najdawi

Forceps or vacuum extraction: a comparison of maternal and neonatal morbidity . Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Vol. 7, 1/2, Jan-March, p. 106-114
forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; morbidity ; maternal age

To compare maternal and neonatal morbidity associated with forceps and [...]

easy

http://www.emro.who. [...]

4

2000

Didierjean-Jouveau, Claude

Pour une naissance a visage humain. Paris: Jouvence
induction of labor ; ultrasound scanning ; episiotomy ; exams during labor ; forceps delivery ; infections ; monitoring ; epidural ; newborn care ; c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; dystocy ; breastfeeding ; breech presentation ; place of birth ; traumatism ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; psychology ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; homebirth

Il y a deux facons d’envisager la naissance: l’une, qui voit dans la [...]

easy

http://www.amazon.fr [...]

60
PDF

Revue systématique des techniques de prévention des traumatismes périnéaux.

2000

Eason E, Labrecque M, Wells G, Feldman P

Preventing perineal trauma during childbirth: a systematic review
Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Mar;95(3):464-71.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; position during labor ; physiology

OBJECTIVE: To review systematically techniques proposed to prevent perineal [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

61

2000

Oyelese KO, Porter A, Wai C

Midline episiotomy and anal incontinence. Is episiotomy ethically acceptable ? Br Med J 2000;320,1601. Letters.
perineal/vaginal tears ; dyspareunia ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery

As medical knowledge advances, it is conceivable that episiotomy may one [...]

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

65

Les causes des déchirures graves

2000

Angioli R, Gomez-Marin O, Cantuaria G, O'Sullivan MJ.

Severe perineal lacerations during vaginal delivery: The University of Miami experience. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000;182:1083-5
perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE: After childbirth-related third- or fourth-degree perineal lacerations, [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant

hard

http://www2.us.elsev [...]

118
PDF

2000

Creedy DK, Shochet IM, Horsfall J.

Childbirth and the development of acute trauma symptoms: incidence and contributing factors.
Birth. 2000 Jun;27(2):104-11.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; traumatism ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; psychology

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between women’s birthing [...]

Acces au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.blackwell [...]

138

2000

Small R, Lumley J, Donohue L, Potter A, Waldenstrom U.

Randomised controlled trial of midwife led debriefing to reduce maternal depression after operative childbirth.
Br Med J. 2000;321:1043-1047.

c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; psychology ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; morbidity

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a midwife led debriefing session [...]

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

239

2000

Murray Enkin, Marc J.N.C. Keirse, James Neilson, Caroline Crowther, Lelia Duley, Ellen Hodnett and Justus Hofmeyr.

A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth.
Oxford University Press, 2000.

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy ; fetal distress ; gestational diabetes ; dystocy ; ultrasound scanning ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; monitoring ; diet/nutrition ; oxytocin ; IV ; epidural ; position during labor ; premature baby ; rupture of membranes ; newborn care ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; physiology ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; pain

A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth is an overview of [...]

Entierement disponible sur le web !!! (anglais)

easy

http://www.maternity [...]

799

2000

Benifla JL, Abramowitz L, Sobhani I, Ganansia R, Darai E, Mignon M, Madelenat P.

[Postpartum sphincter rupture and anal incontinence: prospective study with 259 patients]
Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2000 Jan;28(1):15-22.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; instrumental delivery

AIMS: Damage to the anal sphincter has been considered as the cause of [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

800
PDF

2000

Samuelsson E, Ladfors L, Wennerholm UB, Gareberg B, Nyberg K, Hagberg H.

Anal sphincter tears: prospective study of obstetric risk factors.
BJOG. 2000 Jul;107(7):926-31.

perineal/vaginal tears ; duration of labour ; episiotomy ; active management of labor ; hormones ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; physiology ; position during labor ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intrapartum risk factors for anal sphincter tear.

E.Phan: l’abstract me semble contenir des donnée non claires ou contradictoires. Il faudrait relire [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1051

Women with cesarean and assisted vaginal deliveries were at increased risk for rehospitalization.

2000

Lydon-Rochelle M, Holt VL, Martin DP, Easterling TR

Association between method of delivery and maternal rehospitalization. JAMA 283 (18): 2411-2416 MAY 10 2000
c-section/caesarean ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery ; morbidity ; maternal age

Context: Despite nearly 4 million deliveries in the United States each [...]

hard

1206
PDF

Women should be encouraged to give birth in the position they find most comfortable.

2000

Gupta JK, Nikodem VC.

Woman's position during second stage of labour.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000;(2):CD002006.

perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor

BACKGROUND: For centuries, there has been controversy around whether being [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

76

Lorsqu’on utilise les ventouses, la pratique de l’épisiotomie est un facteur agravant du résultat périnéal.

1999

Robinson JN, Norwitz ER, Cohen AP, McElrath TF, Lieberman ES.

Episiotomy, operative vaginal delivery, and significant perinatal trauma in nulliparous women.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Nov;181(5 Pt 1):1180-4.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether choice of obstetric [...]

Resume en acces libre, texte payant.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

140

1999

Scott KD, Berkowitz G, Klaus M.

A comparison of intermittent and continuous support during labor: a meta-analysis.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 May;180(5):1054-9.

c-section/caesarean ; forceps delivery ; pain medication ; epidural ; traumatism ; psychology ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; instrumental delivery ; pain

Our goal was to contrast the influence of intermittent and continuous support [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www2.us.elsev [...]

327

1999

Lieberman E, Cohen A, Lang J, Frigoletto F, Goetzl L.

Maternal intrapartum temperature elevation as a risk factor for cesarean delivery and assisted vaginal delivery.
Am J Public Health. 1999 Apr;89(4):506-10.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association of intrapartum temperature [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

328

1999

Robinson JN, Norwitz ER, Cohen AP, McElrath TF, Lieberman ES.

Epidural analgesia and third- or fourth-degree lacerations in nulliparas.
Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Aug;94(2):259-62.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE: To determine if epidural analgesia is associated with differences [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

329

1999

Lieberman E.

No free lunch on labor day. The risks and benefits of epidural analgesia during labor.
J Nurse Midwifery. 1999 Jul-Aug;44(4):394-8.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

Epidural analgesia provides effective pain relief for women during labor. [...]

hard

http://www.sciencedi [...]

555

1999

Greene JF, Kuiper O, Morosky M, Wightman S, Curry SL.

A postpartum self-medication program: effect on narcotic use.
J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 1999 Oct;8(8):1073-6.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; pain medication ; pain

Our objective was to determine the impact of a self-medication program [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

556

L’utilisation de forceps de Leff (rotationnels) est avantageuse, notamment pour ce qui est du taux d’épisiotomies et de déchirures.

1999

Feldman DM, Borgida AF, Sauer F, Rodis JF.

Rotational versus nonrotational forceps: maternal and neonatal outcomes.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Nov;181(5 Pt 1):1185-7.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; morbidity ; maternal age ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate maternal and neonatal morbidity [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

559

1999

Varma A, Gunn J, Lindow SW, Duthie GS.

Do routinely measured delivery variables predict anal sphincter outcome?
Dis Colon Rectum. 1999 Oct;42(10):1261-4.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; instrumental delivery

PURPOSE: Trauma to the anal sphincter is a recognized complication of primiparous [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

566

Régression de la pratique de l’épisiotomie en Suède

1999

Rockner G, Fianu-Jonasson A.

Changed pattern in the use of episiotomy in Sweden.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1999 Feb;106(2):95-101.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To study changes in the use of episiotomy since 1989, controlling [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

569

Différences de pratiques public/privé

1999

Shorten A, Shorten B.

Episiotomy in NSW hospitals 1993-1996: towards understanding variations between public and private hospitals.
Aust Health Rev. 1999;22(1):18-32.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

Episiotomy rates for women experiencing childbirth in New South Wales (NSW) [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

570

L’usage séquentiel des instruments n’augmente pas la mortalité ni la morbidité maternelle néonatale.

1999

Ezenagu LC, Kakaria R, Bofill JA.

Sequential use of instruments at operative vaginal delivery: is it safe?
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Jun;180(6 Pt 1):1446-9.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; morbidity

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine maternal and neonatal outcomes in [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

571

Les femmes qui accouchent pour la deuxième fois avec épisiotomie et/ou extraction instrumentale courent plus de risques de déchirures graves.

1999

Peleg D, Kennedy CM, Merrill D, Zlatnik FJ.

Risk of repetition of a severe perineal laceration.
Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Jun;93(6):1021-4.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of subsequent delivery in women with [...]

hard

http://www.greenjour [...]

574

Les principaux facteurs de risque de l’incontinence anale postpartum sont les longues première et deuxième phases du travail, l’extraction instrumentale et l’usage de l’épisiotomie. (Tel Aviv)

1999

Groutz A, Fait G, Lessing JB, David MP, Wolman I, Jaffa A, Gordon D.

Incidence and obstetric risk factors of postpartum anal incontinence.
Scand J Gastroenterol. 1999 Mar;34(3):315-8.

episiotomy ; instrumental delivery

BACKGROUND: Anal incontinence in young women may be the result of injury [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

575

1999

Chamberlain G, Steer P.

ABC of labour care: operative delivery.
The British Medical Journal 1999 May 8;318(7193):1260-4.

c-section/caesarean ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

In Britain all operative deliveries are now performed in a hospital. Caesarean [...]

Texte en acces libre.

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

1184
PDF

Etude randomisée contrôlée comparant l'accouchement en position accroupie et dans la position obstétricale classique. Aucune différence significative dans les variables prises en compte, sauf la satisfaction des femmes en couche dans la position accroupie.
Etude prise en compte dans la revue systématique Cochrane Gupta 2004 (fiche afar 1099).

1999

Racinet C, Eymery P, Philibert L, Lucas C.

[Labor in the squatting position. [A randomized trial comparing the squatting position with the classical position for the expulsion phase] [En français].
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 1999 Jun;28(3):263-70.

perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor

Objective of study. To evaluate the influence of a vertical delivery position [...]

Texte en accès libre.

hard

http://masson.fr/mas [...]

1287

Moind de péridurale et un meilleur vécu de l'accouchement avec une doula, mais même taux d'accouchements opératoires.

1999

Gordon NP, Walton D, McAdam E, Derman J, Gallitero G, Garrett L.

Effects of providing hospital-based doulas in health maintenance organization hospitals.
Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Mar;93(3):422-6.

attendance ; breastfeeding ; c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; pain ; instrumental delivery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; psychology ; doula ; birth attendant

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether providing doulas during hospital-based labor [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

250

1998

Ryding EL, Wijma K, Wijma B.

Psychological impact of emergency cesarean section in comparison with elective cesarean section, instrumental and normal vaginal delivery.
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 1998 Sep;19(3):135-44.

c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; traumatism ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; psychology

The purpose of the study was to compare the psychological reactions of [...]

hard

http://elsalena.rydi [...]

710

Facteurs de risques des déchirures du 3e degré du sphincter anal

1998

Wood J, Amos L, Rieger N.

Third degree anal sphincter tears: risk factors and outcome.
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Nov;38(4):414-7.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; morbidity ; instrumental delivery

The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence, risk [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

715

Les taux d’interventions étaient trop élevés pour ce groupe à faible risque de nullipares.

1998

Williams FL, Florey CV, Ogston SA, Patel NB, Howie PW, Tindall VR.

UK study of intrapartum care for low risk primigravidas: a survey of interventions.
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1998 Aug;52(8):494-500.

c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; exams during labor ; instrumental delivery ; monitoring ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; survey ; post-term pregnancy

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of intrapartum intervention received [...]

hard

http://jech.bmjjourn [...]

718

L’accompagnement global réduit le nombre des interventions.

1998

Waldenstrom U, Turnbull D.

A systematic review comparing continuity of midwifery care with standard maternity services.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Nov;105(11):1160-70.

attendance ; c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; monitoring ; epidural ; physiology ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; post-term pregnancy

OBJECTIVE: To review randomised controlled trials of alternative maternity [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1085

1998

Jones MH, Barik S et al.

Do birth plans adversely affect the outcome of labour? British Journal of Midwifery, January 1998, Vol 6, No 1, p.38-41.
duration of labour ; instrumental delivery ; active management of labor ; physiology ; birth plan ; law

More women are now presenting for antenatal with their own personal requirements [...]

easy

http://www.intermid. [...]

1090
PDF

Walking neither enhanced nor impaired active labor and was not harmful to the mothers or their infants.

1998

Bloom SL, McIntire DD, Kelly MA, Beimer HL, Burpo RH, Garcia MA, Leveno KJ.

Lack of effect of walking on labor and delivery.
N Engl J Med. 1998 Jul 9;339(2):117-8.


c-section/caesarean ; forceps delivery ; epidural ; position during labor ; physiology ; instrumental delivery

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Walking during labor may reduce patients’ discomfort [...]

hard

2125

1998

Bianco AT, Smilen SW, Davis Y, Lopez S, Lapinski R, Lockwood CJ.

Pregnancy outcome and weight gain recommendations for the morbidly obese woman. Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Jan;91(1):97-102.Click here to read
c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; low birth weight ; macrosomy ; maternal weight

OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy outcomes between morbidly obese and nonobese [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

78

La baisse du taux d’épisiotomies a augmenté le nombre de déchirures vaginales, sans changer celui des déchirures de 3e degré, mais diminué celui des déchirures de 4e degré.

1997

Ecker JL, Tan WM, Bansal RK, Bishop JT, Kilpatrick SJ.

Is there a benefit to episiotomy at operative vaginal delivery? Observations over ten years in a stable population. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Feb;176(2):411-4.
perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; morbidity

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine the association between maternal [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

122

1997

Fisher J, Astbury J, Smith A.

Adverse psychological impact of operative obstetric interventions: a prospective longitudinal study.
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 1997 Oct;31(5):728-38.

c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; instrumental delivery ; traumatism ; psychology

OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the findings of a prospective longitudinal [...]

Acces au resume, texte pas sur le net ou difficile d’acces...

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

338

1997

Turcot L, Marcoux S, Fraser WD.

Multivariate analysis of risk factors for operative delivery in nulliparous women. Canadian Early Amniotomy Study Group.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Feb;176(2):395-402.

c-section/caesarean ; fetal distress ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; maternal age

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to develop predictive models of operative delivery [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

350

1997

Gagnon AJ, Waghorn K, Covell C.

A randomized trial of one-to-one nurse support of women in labor.
Birth. 1997 Jun;24(2):71-7.

attendance ; c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; pain ; oxytocin ; epidural ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy

BACKGROUND: Health researchers and provider groups have recommended that [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

704

L’exercice physique diminue les risques de traumatismes sévères induits par l’épisiotomie.

1997

Klein MC, Janssen PA, MacWilliam L, Kaczorowski J, Johnson B.

Determinants of vaginal-perineal integrity and pelvic floor functioning in childbirth.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Feb;176(2):403-10.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to evaluate risk factors for severe vaginal-perineal [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

801

1997

Poen AC, Felt-Bersma RJ, Dekker GA, Deville W, Cuesta MA, Meuwissen SG.

Third degree obstetric perineal tears: risk factors and the preventive role of mediolateral episiotomy.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1997 May;104(5):563-6.

perineal/vaginal tears ; induction of labor ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for third degree obstetric perineal [...]

hard

1088

Women who ambulated for a significant amount of time during labor (compared with those who did not ambulate) had half the rate of operative delivery.

1997

Albers LL, Anderson D, Cragin L, Daniels SM, Hunter C, Sedler KD, Teaf D

The relationship of ambulation in labor to operative delivery
Source: JOURNAL OF NURSE-MIDWIFERY 42 (1): 4-8 JAN-FEB 1997

position during labor ; physiology ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

An abbreviated version of the Nurse-Midwifery Clinical Data Set was used [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1361

Home birth is an acceptable alternative to hospital confinement for selected pregnant women, and leads to reduced medical interventions.

1997

Olsen O.

Meta-analysis of the safety of home birth.
Birth. 1997 Mar;24(1):4-13; discussion 14-6.

homebirth ; c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy ; duration of labour ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; active management of labor ; place of birth ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; perinatal death rates

BACKGROUND: The safety of planned home birth is controversial. This study [...]

Trad Sophie N, relu E.Phan.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?

346

1996

Thorp JA, Breedlove G.

Epidural analgesia in labor: an evaluation of risks and benefits. Review.
Birth. 1996 Jun;23(2):63-83.

c-section/caesarean ; fetal distress ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; epidural ; morbidity ; pain

BACKGROUND: Intrapartum epidural analgesia has become increasingly popular [...]

easy

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

703

Les obstétriciens peuvent réduire les blessures du plancher pelvien en minimisant les accouchements avec forceps et épisiotomies, en laissant faire la progression dans la deuxième phase du travail, et en utilisant la césarienne de manière sélective.

1996

Handa VL, Harris TA, Ostergard DR.

Protecting the pelvic floor: obstetric management to prevent incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Review.
Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Sep;88(3):470-8.

c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVES: To review the literature regarding the effects of childbirth [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

58

Revue de la littérature depuis 1980

1995

Woolley RJ

Benefits and risks of the episiotomy: a review of the English-language literature since 1980.
Obstet Gynecol Surv 1995;50:806-35

perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; dyspareunia ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; infections ; morbidity

The professional literature on the benefits and risks of episiotomy was [...]

Texte en accès libre.

hard

http://www.gentlebir [...]

73

Ce que croient les médecins peut avoir un effet sur les résultats des patients.

1995

M. C. Klein, J. Kaczorowski, J. M. Robbins, R. J. Gauthier, S. H. Jorgensen and A. K. Joshi.

Physicians' beliefs and behaviour during a randomized controlled trial of episiotomy: consequences for women in their care. Can Med Assoc J 1995;153:769-79.
c-section/caesarean ; perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; pain medication ; oxytocin ; position during labor ; hormones ; active management of labor ; physiology ; duration of labour ; survey ; pain

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether physicians’ beliefs concerning episiotomy [...]

Texte complet pas sur le web (mais demande de reprint possible).

hard

http://collection.nl [...]

340

1995

Hawkins JL, Hess KR, Kubicek MA, Joyce TH 3rd, Morrow DH.

A reevaluation of the association between instrument delivery and epidural analgesia.
Reg Anesth. 1995 Jan-Feb;20(1):50-6.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; maternal age

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES. Over 100 papers in the medical literature suggest [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1169

Etude comparative sur plus de 300 femmes en Inde. Les femmes ayant accouché accroupies sur un coussin en U avec des poignées, ont eu plus de chances de périnée intact, le 2e stade du travail a duré moins longtemps, une meilleure coordination et des poussées plus efficaces qu'en décubitus dorsal.
Etude prise en compte dans la revue systémtatique Cochrane Gupta 2004 (fiche afar 1099).

1995

Bhardwaj N, Kukade JA, Patil S, Bhardwaj S.

Randomised controlled trial on modified squatting position of delivery.
Indian J Matern Child Health. 1995 Apr-Jun;6(2):33-9.

alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor

PIP: In 1992 at Vivekanand Hospital in Latur, Maharashtra State, India, [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

2092

1995

Patricia Purfield RNC, MSN, Karen Morin RN, DSN

Excessive Weight Gain in Primigravidas With Low-Risk Pregnancy: Selected Obstetric Consequences.
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing 24 (5) , 434–440

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; maternal weight ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

Objective: To determine whether a group of normal weight women with a low-risk [...]

hard

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1552-6909.1995.tb02500.x [...]

341

1994

Thorp JA.

Obstetricians and epidural analgesia. Letter to the Editors.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1994;170(6):1161.

c-section/caesarean ; dystocy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; vaginal birth after caesarean

Farabow et al. should be congratulated on their retrospective analysis [...]

easy

http://www2.us.elsev [...]

696

1994

Hillier CE, Johanson RB.

Worldwide survey of assisted vaginal delivery.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1994 Nov;47(2):109-14.

instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; survey

OBJECTIVES: To ascertain which instruments are most commonly used for assisted [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

803

Hors extraction instrumentale, taux de déchirures sévères identique avec ou sans épisiotomie médiolatérale.

1994

Sultan AH, Kamm MA, Hudson CN, Bartram CI.

Third degree obstetric anal sphincter tears: risk factors and outcome of primary repair.
BMJ. 1994 Apr 2;308(6933):887-91.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

OBJECTIVES--To determine (i) risk factors in the development of third degree [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

912

1994

Patrick Atienza

L’incontinence fécale idiopathique comme conséquence à distance, sur le périnée postérieur, de l’accouchement normal. Soumis aux XXe Journées de Techniques Avancées en Gynécologie-Obstétrique, AMP, Périnatalogie et Pédiatrie (JTA). Port de France, 15-20 janvier 2005.
incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus ; forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery

L’incontinence fécale idiopathique (IFI) est un symptôme très fréquent [...]

easy

http://www.lesjta.co [...]

81

1993

Sultan AH, Kamm MA, Hudson CN, Thomas JM, Bartram CI.

Anal-sphincter disruption during vaginal delivery. N Engl J Med. 1993 Dec 23;329(26):1905-11.
perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

BACKGROUND. Lacerations of the anal sphincter or injury to sphincter innervation [...]

Acces libre au resume, texte payant.

hard

http://content.nejm. [...]

345

1993

Farabow WS, Roberson VO, Maxey J, Spray BJ.

A twenty-year retrospective analysis of the efficacy of epidural analgesia-anesthesia when administered and/or managed by obstetricians.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Aug;169(2 Pt 1):270-7; discussion 277-8.

c-section/caesarean ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; hormones ; active management of labor ; duration of labour

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively determine the [...]

Voir la critique par Thorp dans Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Oct;171(4):1161.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

691

1993

Sultan AH, Kamm MA, Bartram CI, Hudson CN.

Anal sphincter trauma during instrumental delivery.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1993 Dec;43(3):263-70.

perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of defecatory symptoms, pudendal [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

697

1993

Johanson RB, Rice C, Doyle M, Arthur J, Anyanwu L, Ibrahim J, Warwick A, Redman CW, O'Brien PM.

A randomised prospective study comparing the new vacuum extractor policy with forceps delivery.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1993 Jun;100(6):524-30.

perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; morbidity

OBJECTIVE: To compare assisted vaginal delivery by forceps with delivery [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

705

Il n’y a pas de sérieuses conséquences à long terme des déchirures complexes et complètes suite à une épisiotomie prophylactique, à condition que la réparation ait été faite avec grand soin. (Grenoble, étude de 33 cas)

1993

Berthet J, Buchet A, Favier M, Racinet C.

La déchirure complète et compliquée du périnée malgré incision prophylactique. Étude des facteurs de risque et des conséquences à court terme. [Complete and complicated tears of the perineum in spite of preventive incision. A study of the risk factors and the short-term consequences, article in French]
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod 1993;22:419-23.

perineal/vaginal tears ; dyspareunia ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus

A retrospective study of case controls was carried out by postal enquiry [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

764

1993

Argentine Episiotomy Trial Collaborative Group.

Routine vs selective episiotomy: a randomised controlled trial.
Lancet 1993; 342: 1517-1518.

perineal/vaginal tears ; dyspareunia ; episiotomy ; forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery

Episiotomy is a widely-done intervention in childbirth, regardless of poor [...]

hard

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

982

The duration of the second stage of labour had a significant independent association with the risk of both PPH and maternal infection after adjustment for other factors. However, there was a similar or greater risk of PPH in association with operative delivery or a birthweight greater than 4000 g.

1992

Saunders NS, Paterson CM.

Neonatal and maternal morbidity in relation to the length of the second stage of labour. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1992; 99 : 381-5
postpartum hemorrhage ; infections ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; epidural ; morbidity

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between the duration of the second [...]

Les auteurs trouvent un risque hémorragique accru en cas d’analgésie péridurale (OR 2.1, CI 95% [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

337

1991

Spencer JA, Koutsoukis M, Lee A.

Fetal heart rate and neonatal condition related to epidural analgesia in women reaching the second stage of labour.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1991 Oct 8;41(3):173-8.

induction of labor ; fetal distress ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy

The relationship between epidural analgesia and a number of labour and [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

983

Factors having a significant association with hemorrhage were prolonged third stage of labor (adjusted odds ratio 7.56), preeclampsia (odds ratio 5.02), mediolateral episiotomy (4.67), previous postpartum hemorrhage (3.55), twins (3.31), arrest of descent (2.91), soft-tissue lacerations (2.05), augmented labor (1.66), forceps or vacuum delivery (1.66), Asian (1.73) or Hispanic (1.66) ethnicity, midline episiotomy (1.58), and nulliparity (1.45).

1991

Combs CA, Murphy EL, Laros RK Jr.

Factors associated with postpartum hemorrhage with vaginal birth. Obstet Gynecol 1991 ; 77 : 69-76.
postpartum hemorrhage ; oxytocin ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; eclampsia (pre-) ; placenta previa/accreta ; placenta previa/accreta ; epidural

A case-control study was performed to study risk factors for postpartum [...]

Les auteurs ne trouvent pas de risque hémorragique accru en cas d’analgésie péridurale (OR 0.87, [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

324

1990

Chestnut DH, Laszewski LJ, Pollack KL, Bates JN, Manago NK, Choi WW.

Continuous epidural infusion of 0.0625% bupivacaine-0.0002% fentanyl during the second stage of labor.
Anesthesiology. 1990 Apr;72(4):613-8.

instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed to evaluate [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

352

1990

Walter HM.

Peridural anesthesia and method of delivery. Peridural anesthesia performed by the obstetrician.
Z Geburtshilfe Perinatol. 1990 Sep-Oct;194(5):228-35.

c-section/caesarean ; fetal distress ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery ; epidural ; vacuum extraction (ventouse)

In deliveries in epidural analgesia (PDA) there are more obstetrical operations [...]

Tres mauvais anglais, pas sure d’avoir vraiment compris ce qu’ils veulent dire.

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

344

1989

Philipsen T, Jensen NH.

Epidural block or parenteral pethidine as analgesic in labour; a randomized study concerning progress in labour and instrumental deliveries.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1989 Jan;30(1):27-33.

instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; pain medication ; epidural ; pain

A prospective randomized study was performed to evaluate the influence [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1174

Angleterre, étude sur 427 primipares en position demi-assise ou en position accroupie avec « coussin de naissance » pendant la deuxième phase du travail. Moins de forceps, moins de déchirures du périnée mais plus de déchirures des lèvres, durée du second stade plus courte pour la position accroupie, sans différence pour les autres résultats (apgar, pertes sanguines, oedème vulvaire).
Etude "Gardosi 1989a" prise en compte dans la revue systématique Cochrane Gupta 2004 (fiche afar 1099), dans celle de Vendittelli 1998 (Fiche AFAR 2042) et dans la revue Cochrane de Nikodem (2000)

1989

Gardosi J, Hutson N, B-Lynch C.

Randomised, controlled trial of squatting in the second stage of labour.
Lancet. 1989 Jul 8;2(8654):74-7.

alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; forceps delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor ; instrumental delivery

A new obstetric aid, the ’Birth Cushion’ allows the parturient to sink [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

2008

1989

Bergsjo P, Huang GD, Yu SQ, Gao ZZ, Bakketeig LS.

Comparison of induced versus non-induced labor in post-term pregnancy. A randomized prospective study. {Chine}. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1989;68(8):683-7.
c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery ; perinatal death rates

OBJECTIVE: To determine the proper management of pregnancy in uncomplicated [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

856

Des pressions excessives sur le crâne du bébé peuvent entraîner des dommages neurologiques: hypertonie utérine, forceps, expression abdominale.

1988

Amiel-Tison C, Sureau C, Shnider SM.

Cerebral handicap in full-term neonates related to the mechanical forces of labour.
Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1988 Mar;2(1):145-65.

fundal pressure ; forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery

Sometimes the relationship between peripartum events and neonatal CNS injury [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

95

1987

Jacobson B, Eklund G, Hamberger L, Linnarsson D, Sedvall G, Valverius, M.

Perinatal origin of adult self-destructive behavior. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1987; 76: 364-371
traumatism ; instrumental delivery ; psychology

The study was undertaken to test whether obstetric procedures are of importance [...]

easy

http://bmj.bmjjourna [...]

353

1987

Chestnut DH.

The effect of epidural analgesia on the frequency of instrumental delivery.
Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Nov;70(5):814-6.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; epidural

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

356

1987

Chestnut DH, Vandewalker GE, Owen CL, Bates JN, Choi WW.

The influence of continuous epidural bupivacaine analgesia on the second stage of labor and method of delivery in nulliparous women.
Anesthesiology. 1987 Jun;66(6):774-80.

instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study was performed to evaluate [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

358

1987

Chestnut DH, Bates JN, Choi WW.

Continuous infusion epidural analgesia with lidocaine: efficacy and influence during the second stage of labor.
Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Mar;69(3 Pt 1):323-7.

c-section/caesarean ; instrumental delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; epidural

A randomized double-blind study evaluated the analgesic efficacy and influence [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

981

Induction of labour by amniotomy/oxytocin, forceps delivery, long first and second stages [...] were identified as significant risk factors of postpartum haemorrhage.

1987

Gilbert L, Porter W, Brown VA.

Postpartum haemorrhage - a continuing problem. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1987 Jan;94(1):67-71.
amniotomy ; induction of labor ; forceps delivery ; active management of labor ; postpartum hemorrhage ; oxytocin ; epidural ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

The factors responsible for postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in singleton vaginal [...]

easy

2007
PDF

1987

Augensen K, Bergsjo P, Eikeland T, Askvik K, Carlsen J.

Randomised comparison of early versus late induction of labour in post-term pregnancy. {Norvège}. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1987 May 9;294(6581):1192-5.
c-section/caesarean ; induction of labor ; post-term pregnancy ; instrumental delivery

In a prospective randomised study of mothers referred for prolonged pregnancy [...]

hard

http://www.pubmedcen [...]

1190

Etude prospective de faible valeur statistique.

1986

Cottrell BH, Shannahan MD.

Effect of the birth chair on duration of second stage labor and maternal outcome.
Nurs Res. 1986 Nov-Dec;35(6):364-7.

perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; position during labor ; physiology

The effect of delivering in a birth chair on duration of second stage labor, [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1158

Position lithotomique vs chaise d'accouchement : plus de perte de sang avec la chaise, mais meilleur état du périnée. Pas d'autres différences (durées, extractions instrumentales, état néonatal identiques).

Etude prise en compte dans la revue systématique Cochrane Gupta 2004 (fiche AFAR 1099), dans la méta-analyse De Jonge 2004 (fiche AFAR 1122), dans la revue Cochrane de Nikodem (2000) et dans celle de Vendittelli 1998 (Fiche AFAR 2042)

1983

Stewart P, Hillan E, Calder AA.

A randomised trial to evaluate the use of a birth chair for delivery.
Lancet. 1983 Jun 11;1(8337):1296-8.

alternative birth (waterbirth,...) ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; postpartum hemorrhage ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor

A randomised study of 189 deliveries was conducted to compare performance [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1162

Position demi-assise comparée (50 femmes) à la position allongée sur le dos (50 femmes) pendant le second stade du travail. La position assise a entraîné 3 fois moins d'extractions instrumentales, plus de décélérations cardiaques foetales au début [de la seconde phase?], moins après [pendant l'expulsion?], Apgar meilleur ou aussi bon que pour les enfants nés d'une mère allongée. POurquoi la conclusion est qu'on peut accoucher en demi-assis sans risques, alors que cette étude montre plutôt que la position couchée apporte plus de risques supplémentaires?
Etude prise en compte dans la revue systématique Cochrane Gupta 2004 (fiche AFAR 1099), dans la méta-analyse De Jonge 2004 (fiche AFAR 1122) Dans celle de Vendittelli 1998 (Fiche AFAR 2042) ET dans la revue Cochrane de Nikodem (2000)

1983

Marttila M, Kajanoja P, Ylikorkala O.

Maternal half-sitting position in the second stage of labor.
J Perinat Med. 1983;11(6):286-9.

perineal/vaginal tears ; fetal distress ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; instrumental delivery

The maternal half-sitting and supine position during the second stage of [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

1228

L'incidence de la déambulation pendant le 1° stade est soit positive, soit neutre.

1980

Diaz AG, Schwarcz R, Fescina R, Caldeyro-Barcia R.

Vertical position during the first stage of the course of labor, and neonatal outcome.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1980 Sep;11(1):1-7.

fetal distress ; forceps delivery ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; position during labor ; rupture of membranes ; physiology ; instrumental delivery

This study included 369 normal term labors. In 145 cases the women were [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

3

Le forceps, instrument périmé ?

1976

Odent, Michel

Bien naître. Paris: Seuil, p. 123-124
episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; dystocy

Depuis 10 ans, nous n’avons pas rencontré une seule occasion d’utiliser [...]

easy

http://www.fnac.com/ [...]

911

In most cases faecal and urinary incontinence result from damage to the innervation of the pelvic floor muscles.

0

SNOOKS SJ, SETCHELL M, SWASH M, HENRY MM.

Injury to innervation of pelvic floor sphincter musculature in childbirth. Lancet. 1984, 2, 546-50.
forceps delivery ; instrumental delivery ; incontinence/prolapsus ; incontinence/prolapsus

71 women delivered at St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, were studied [...]

hard

http://www.ncbi.nlm. [...]

2389

0

I. Boucoiran, A. Bafghi, J. Delotte, L. Valerio, A. Bongain

Risques néonataux et périnéaux liés à l’apprentissage des spatules
Learning use of spatulas: Risks of perineal injuries and newborns morbidity

perineal/vaginal tears ; instrumental delivery ; forceps delivery

Objectives
To examine the acute neonatal and maternal perineal morbidity [...]

easy

http://dx.doi.org/10 [...]

New expert query ---  New simple query

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